Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus, 7th Edition

Published by Brooks Cole
ISBN 10: 1305071751
ISBN 13: 978-1-30507-175-9

Chapter 4 - Section 4.3 - Logarithmic Functions - 4.3 Exercises: 17

Answer

a.) $\log 10,000 = 4$ b.) $\log_5 \frac{1}{25} = -2$

Work Step by Step

$Express$ $the$ $equation$ $in$ $logarithmic$ $form:$ a.) $10^4 = 10,000$ b.) $5^{-2} = \frac{1}{25}$ Exponential form to Logarithmic form: $b^c = a \rightarrow \log_b a = c$ a.) $10^4 = 10,000$ Plug in 10 for b, 4 for c, and 10,000 for a $10^4 = 10,000 \rightarrow \log_{10} 10,000 = 4 \rightarrow \log 10,000 = 4$ b.) $5^{-2} = \frac{1}{25}$ Plug in 5 for b, -2 for c, and $\frac{1}{25}$ for a $5^{-2} = \frac{1}{25} \rightarrow \log_5 \frac{1}{25} = -2$
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