Calculus 8th Edition

Published by Cengage
ISBN 10: 1285740629
ISBN 13: 978-1-28574-062-1

Chapter 4 - Integrals - 4.5 The Substitution Rule - 4.5 Exercises: 81

Answer

$$\int_e^{e^4}\frac{dx}{x\sqrt{\ln x}}=2$$

Work Step by Step

To evaluate the integral $$\int_e^{e^4}\frac{dx}{x\sqrt{\ln x}}$$ we will use substitution $\ln x=t$ which gives us $\frac{dx}{x}=dt$. The integration bounds would be: for $x=e$ we have $t=1$ and for $x=e^4$ we have $t=4$. Putting this into the integral we get: $$\int_e^{e^4}\frac{dx}{x\sqrt{\ln x}}=\int_1^4\frac{1}{\sqrt t}dt=\int_1^4t^{-1/2}dt=\left.\frac{t^{1/2}}{\frac{1}{2}}\right|_1^4=2(4^{1/2}-1^{1/2})=2(2-1)=2$$
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