Work Step by Step
RECALL: A trinomial of the form $x^2+bx+c$ (leading coefficient is 1) can be factored if there are factors of $c$ (say, $d$ and $e$) whose sum is equal to $b$. The trinomial factors as $(x+d)(x+e)$ The given trinomial has a leading coefficient of 1 so the factoring technique mentioned above may be used. Look for factors of $-5$ whose sum is equal to 4. Note that $(5)(-1)) = -5$ and $(-5)+1=-4$ This means that the given trinomial factors as $(x+5)[x+(-1)]= (x+5)(x-1)$.