- Louis Armstrong and Charlie Parker are mentioned during a conversation between Sonny and his brother.
- In the final scene Creole, the band and Sonny play "Am I Blue?".
- A reference to a passage in the Bible is made by the end of the story, when Baldwin compares the Scotch and milk placed in front of Sonny as the “cup of trembling.” This is an allusion to Isaiah 51:17.
This content is from Wikipedia. GradeSaver is providing this content as a courtesy until we can offer a professionally written study guide by one of our staff editors. We do not consider this content professional or citable. Please use your discretion when relying on it.