Wilde's Salomé in later art

Wilde's version of the story has since spawned several other artistic works, the most famous of which is Richard Strauss's opera of the same name. Strauss saw Wilde's play in Berlin in November 1902, at Max Reinhardt's 'Little Theatre', with Gertrud Eysoldt in the title role, and began to compose his opera in summer 1903, completing it in 1905 and premiering it later the same year.[2] The Strauss opera moves the center of interest to Salome, away from Herod Antipas. However, it was not the only operatic treatment. Antoine Mariotte also wrote Salomé in 1905, and he was involved in a debate with Strauss to prove that his music was written earlier than Strauss's version. Mariotte's version was premiered in 1908.

In 1906, Maud Allan created a production entitled "Vision of Salomé", which debuted in Vienna. It was based loosely on Wilde's play. Her version of the dance of the seven veils became famous (and to some notorious) and she was billed as "The Salomé Dancer". A production of the play led to a libel case in 1918, when Allan was accused of promoting sexual immorality.

In 1918, a silent film adaptation of Wilde's play (tragically, now a lost work) was released by Fox starring Theda Bara and directed by J. Gordon Edwards. The film, having been a relatively big-budget production exploiting the wildly popular Bara at the height of her "vamping" career, proved quite popular - yet this also contributed to some of the controversy surrounding it. Many churches in the US at the time of its release protested against what they saw as blatant immorality -with an often scantily clad Bara showcasing her sexual appeal to audiences- appearing in a film about religious subject matter [27]

In 1923, a film adaptation of Salomé directed by Charles Bryant was released. Alla Nazimova, the Russian-American actress, played the protagonist.

The play, and most of the later filmed versions, have Herod as the center of the action, dominating the play. Strong actors have been used to achieve this, such as Al Pacino in his 1980s Circle in the Square production; and in 2006, in a Los Angeles production.

The Canon Group produced a film adaptation, Salome[1] in 1986 directed by Claude D'Anna, a lavish period piece highly emphasized with sexual decadence, ambiguous WW2 inspired costumes and a breakthrough performance by Jo Champa in the title role delivering an exhilarating dance of the seven veils.

Australian musician Nick Cave wrote a 5-act play entitled Salomé which is included in the 1988 collection of Cave's writings, King Ink (the play alludes to the Gospel account, Wilde's play, and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes's 1869 painting, The Beheading of John the Baptist).

Ken Russell directed a film version of the play, Salome's Last Dance (1988), staged as a private performance for Wilde at a brothel.

Also heavily influenced by the play are The Smashing Pumpkins' video for the song "Stand Inside Your Love" and U2's "Mysterious Ways" and "Salome".

Caffe Cino playwright Doric Wilson wrote a comic re-imagination of Wilde's Salome entitled "Now She Dances!".

The 1999 film Cookie's Fortune depicts a small Southern town preparing for a community production of Salomé, with Camille (Glenn Close) as the director of the play and Cora (Julianne Moore) in the role of Salomé.

In the film Trick, the character Katherine is in a fictitious variation of Salome that is set in a women's prison. Though, aside from seeing characters in striped prison jumpsuits, no scene from the play is actually seen.

Salome is metaphorically referenced in the anime Blood+.

Salome is the subject of a series of paintings The Dance of Salome (1988) by Nabil Kanso.

Spanish painter Gino Rubert created a series of pictures in 2005.[28]

Salome is a track by Pete Doherty on his 2009 album Grace/Wastelands, which shares several lyrical references to Wilde's work.

Throughout the movie and musical A Man of No Importance, the main character tries to produce the production of Salome in his local church.

Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1993 musical Sunset Boulevard features a song in Act I entitled 'Salome'. The song highlights Salome's infatuation with John the Baptist, and foreshadows Norma's obsession and later murder of Joe.

Salome is quoted and reference in the 2002 musical A Man of No Importance.

In 2009, the game developer Tale of Tales created a computer game called Fatale based on Oscar Wilde’s take on the Biblical story. In the first third of the game, the player takes on the role of Iokannan awaiting his execution as Salome (unseen) dances above. Quotations from Wilde's Salome appear periodically, creating what Tale of Tales calls a “whispering soundscape”. In the second part of the game, the player takes on the role of Iokannan’s spirit and is tasked with blowing out the candles in the courtyard. The player is also allowed at this point to examine their surroundings. Salome and her mother Herodias can be seen at this point. In the last part of the game, the player can only control the camera as Salome dances. It is not outright stated from whose point of view you are watching; however, it may be Herod's as he is absent from the rest of the game. Tale of Tales took visual inspiration from the depictions of Salome painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder, Titian, and Gustave Moreau; from Rita Hayworth's performance of the dance of the seven veils set to Richard Strauss's music, as well as Aubrey Beardsley's illustrations for Wilde's original manuscript. The developers have cited “the repeated reference to looking and seeing” within Wilde's play as forming the core experience of the game.[29]

In 2011 Al Pacino revisited Wilde's play, this time with a documentary-drama entitled Wilde Salomé[2]. A version was released two years later as simply Salomé[3] minus the documentary elements with the stage performance as its sole focus. Written and Directed by Pacino himself, it featured redheaded Jessica Chastain as a crimson veil clad Salomé.

This content is from Wikipedia. GradeSaver is providing this content as a courtesy until we can offer a professionally written study guide by one of our staff editors. We do not consider this content professional or citable. Please use your discretion when relying on it.