Rumi: Poems and Prose


His full name is "Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī" (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى‎ Persian pronunciation: [dʒælɒːlæddiːn mohæmmæde bælxiː]) or "Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī" (جلال‌الدین محمد رومی Persian pronunciation: [dʒælɒːlæddiːn mohæmmæde ɾuːmiː]). He is widely known by the sobriquet Mawlānā/Molānā[1][6] (Persian: مولانا‎ Persian pronunciation: [moulɒːnɒː]) in Iran and popularly known as Mevlânâ in Turkey, but also Turkish: Celâleddin Muhammed Belhi, Celâleddin Muhammed Rûmi, and Mevlevi in Modern Turkish. Mawlānā means "our master" in the Arabic language. According to the authoritative Rumi biographer Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago, "[t]he Anatolian peninsula which had belonged to the Byzantine, or eastern Roman empire, had only relatively recently been conquered by Muslims and even when it came to be controlled by Turkish Muslim rulers, it was still known to Arabs, Persians and Turks as the geographical area of Rum. As such, there are a number of historical personages born in or associated with Anatolia known as Rumi, a word borrowed from Arabic literally meaning 'Roman,' in which context Roman refers to subjects of the Byzantine Empire or simply to people living in or things associated with Anatolia."[23] The terms مولوی Mawlawi (Persian) and Mevlevi (Turkish) which mean "my master" in Arabic are more often used for him.[24]

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