Rashomon (Film)


Explanatory notes

  1. ^ The other one being The Woman in Question (1950).[20]


  1. ^ Wheeler Winston Dixon, Gwendolyn Audrey Foster: A Short History of Film. Rutgers University Press, 2008, ISBN 9780813544755, p. 203
  2. ^ Catherine Russell: Classical Japanese Cinema Revisited. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2011, ISBN 9781441107770, chapter 4 The Cinema of Akira Kurosawa
  3. ^ Donald Richie, The Films of Akira Kurosawa.
  4. ^ Qtd. in Richie, Films.
  5. ^ The World of Kazuo Miyagawa (original title: The Camera Also Acts: Movie Cameraman Miyagawa Kazuo) director unknown. NHK, year unknown. Television/Criterion blu-ray
  6. ^ Richie, Films.
  7. ^ Akira Kurosawa. "Akira Kurosawa on Rashomon". Retrieved 21 December 2012. when the camera was aimed upward at the cloudy sky over the gate, the sprinkle of the rain couldn’t be seen against it, so we made rainfall with black ink in it. 
  8. ^ Altman, Robert. One typical example from the movie which shows the ambiguity of the characters is when the bandit and the wife talk to each other in the woods, the light falls on the person who is not talking and shows the amused expressions, this represents the ambiguity present. "Altman Introduction to Rashomon", Criterion Collection DVD, Rashomon.
  9. ^ "Hayasaka, Fumio – Dictionary definition of Hayasaka, Fumio | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  10. ^ "Akira Kurosawa on Rashomon — From the Current — The Criterion Collection". Criterion.com. 2002-02-25. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  11. ^ Teruyo Nogami, Waiting on the Weather: Making Movies with Akira Kurosawa, Stone Bridge Press, Inc., 1 September 2006, p. 90, ISBN 1933330090.
  12. ^ The article has since appeared in some subsequent Rashomon anthologies, including Focus on Rashomon [1] in 1972 and Rashomon (Rutgers Film in Print) [2] in 1987. Davidson's article is referred to in other sources, in support of various ideas. These sources include: The Fifty-Year War: Rashomon, After Life, and Japanese Film Narratives of Remembering a 2003 article by Mike Sugimoto in Japan Studies Review Volume 7 [3], Japanese Cinema: Kurosawa's Ronin by G. Sham [4], Critical Reception of Rashomon in the West by Greg M. Smith, Asian Cinema 13.2 (Fall/Winter 2002) 115-28 [5], Rashomon vs. Optimistic Rationalism Concerning the Existence of "True Facts" [6], Persistent Ambiguity and Moral Responsibility in Rashomon by Robert van Es [7] and Judgment by Film: Socio-Legal Functions of Rashomon by Orit Kamir [8].
  13. ^ "Hiroshima: A Retrospective". illinois.edu
  14. ^ a b Galbraith IV 1994, p. 309.
  15. ^ Richie, Rashomon, p 113.
  16. ^ Richie, Donald (2001). A Hundred Years of Japanese Film. A Concise History. Tokyo: Kodansha International. p. 139. 
  17. ^ Tatara, Paul (1997-12-25). "Rashomon". Tcm.com. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  18. ^ (Richie, 80)
  19. ^ "How Kurosawa inspired Tamil films". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  20. ^ "Andha Naal 1954". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive
  22. ^ "Empire Features". Empireonline.com. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  23. ^ Schröder, Nicolaus. (2002). 50 Klassiker, Film. Gerstenberg. ISBN 978-3-8067-2509-4.
  24. ^ "1001 Series". 1001beforeyoudie.com. 2002-07-22. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  25. ^ "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema – 22. Rashomon". Empire
  26. ^ "Read Sight & Sound Top 10 Lists from Quentin Tarantino, Edgar Wright, Martin Scorsese, Guillermo del Toro, Woody Allen and More". Collider


  • Davidson, James F. (1987) "Memory of Defeat in Japan: A Reappraisal of Rashomon" in Richie, Donald (ed.). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 159–166.
  • Erens, Patricia (1979) Akira Kurosawa: a guide to references and resources. Boston: G.K.Hall.
  • Galbraith IV, Stuart (1994). Japanese Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films. McFarland. ISBN 0-89950-853-7. 
  • Heider, Karl G. (March 1988) "The Rashomon Effect: When Ethnographers Disagree". American Anthropologist v.90, pp. 73–81.
  • Kauffman, Stanley (1987) "The Impact of Rashomon" in Richie, Donald (ed.) Rashomon. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 173–177.
  • McDonald, Keiko I. (1987) "The Dialectic of Light and Darkness in Kurosawa's Rashomon" in Richie, Donald (ed.) Rashomon. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 183–192.
  • Naas, Michael B. (1997) "Rashomon and the Sharing of Voices Between East and West." in Sheppard, Darren, et al., (eds.) On Jean-Luc Nancy: The Sense of Philosophy. New York: Routledge, pp. 63–90.
  • Richie, Donald (1987) "Rashomon" in Richie, Donald (ed.) Rashomon. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 1–21.
  • Richie, Donald (1984) The Films of Akira Kurosawa. (2nd ed.) Berkeley, California: University of California Press
  • Sato, Tadao (1987) "Rashomon" in Richie, Donald (ed.) Rashomon New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 167–172.
  • Tyler, Parker. "Rashomon as Modern Art" (1987) in Richie, Donald (ed.) Rashomon. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 149–158.

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