Pather Panchali

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ a b Aurora Film Corporation was the distributor, according to credits shown in the film. MoMA and the distributor Edward Harrison were instrumental in the film's MoMA screening and later US release.[1](Bee, Hellczer & McFadden 2013, p. 204) A DVD review in dvdbeaver.com listed Artificial Eye Entertainment as the distributor of Region 2 and Columbia Tri-Star as the distributor of Region 1 format DVDs.[2]
  2. ^ Different sources identify different running times for the film. A Museum of Modern Art anthology states 112 minutes.(Bee, Hellczer & McFadden 2013, p. 204) An LA Weekly notice states 115 minutes.[3] Stuart Jeffries of The Guardian states 125 minutes in a 2010 report.[4] Rovi Hal Erickson of The New York Times states 126 minutes in a review summary in NYT Critics' Pick.[5] In 2005 Doug Pratt states 125 minutes but mentions that most references list the running time at about 10 minutes less than that. (Pratt 2005, p. 908) The British Board of Film Classification lists separate running times for film (110 minutes 55 seconds) and video (119 minutes 31 seconds) versions.[6]
  3. ^ a b Satyajit Ray wrote in My Years with Apu: A Memoir (1994) that the budget was ₹70,000, (Ray 1996, p. 36) and the loan from the government of West Bengal was ₹70,000. (Ray 1996, p. 60) During an interview in 1970, in reply to the question "How much did the production of Pather Panchali cost in all, if you count in the value of the rupee today?", Ray said, "In those days it cost a little over ₹150,000, whereas an average film now costs twice that much." (Isaksson 2007, p. 40)
  4. ^ a b The exchange rate in 1955 was ₹4.79 per 1 US dollar (US$). (Kalra 2012, p. 408)
  5. ^ Ray writes that the amount of loan was Rs 70,000. (Ray 2005, p. 77)
  6. ^ The comment by Basil Wright appears in James Chapman's 2003 book Cinemas of the World: Film and Society from 1895 to the Present. The year of the comment is not mentioned. (Chapman 2003, p. 323)
  7. ^ Darius Cooper uses the term "epiphany of wonder" to denote the rasa of camatkara. He quotes Abhinavabharati by Abhinavagupta to explain the camatkara rasa: "... camatkara is an uninterrupted (acchina) state of immersion (avesha) in an enjoyment characterized by the presence of a sensation of inner fullness (trpti). It might be said indeed that camatkara is the action proper to a tasting (cam) or enjoying subject, i.e., to a person immersed in the inner movement (trpti) of a magical (adbhuta) enjoyment." (Cooper 2000, pp. 24–25) Cooper says that through Apu the "universe is revealed. To Apu is given the dominant quality of camatkara, and it is through this sense of wonder that Apu is made to discover and enjoy not only the world that constantly surrounds him but also that other world created by his pratibha or imagination." (Cooper 2000, p. 25)

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