Tragedy, tragic hero
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Oedipus was actually used by Aristotle as the perfect example of a tragic hero. He had "hubris" which is the pride which blinds one to the truth. He refused to listen to men such as Teiresias who predicted that he was the one who had killed Laius. He experienced "recognition" which was the moment when he realized that he was the one for whom he was searching. He also experienced "reversal" at the same moment which makes him the perfect hero with a tragic flaw which ultimately caused his downfall.
Aristotle defines Oedipus as a tragic hero for his unfortunate sequence of events. As a child, Oedipus was given a prophecy that he was to grow up marrying his mother and slaying his father. Jocasta and Laius try to impede the prophecy by killing Oedipus, but in the end, fate was the ultimate victor. Aristotle defines a tragic hero by four qualities: goodness, appropriateness, lifelike, and consistency. According to Aristotle, Oedipus is an ideal example of a tragic hero for causing his own downfall, having fallen from his estate, and having an undeserved punishment.