Middlesex

References

Notes
  1. ^ Olivia Banner wrote in the peer-reviewed academic journal Signs that "reviews of the novel in medical journals judge it favorably for what it reveals about the interior lives of the intersexed"[1] and "the majority of reviews written in the intersex and queer press applauded the novel".[2] She also noted that the novel was a finalist for the Lambda Literary Award, which is given to works that celebrate or explore LGBT themes.[2]
  2. ^ At MacDowell Colony, Eugenides' studio was a "master bedroom of a large white wooden farmhouse". His room was ornamented with a large fireplace and a Persian rug. Eugenides enjoyed the place, writing, "It was like having a country house suddenly, like going from being a starving artist to a landowner."[10]
  3. ^ Because his brother drives the family business into bankruptcy, Cal refers to him by a specific portion of the US bankruptcy law.[23]
  4. ^ A reference to the 1977 film That Obscure Object of Desire directed by Luis Buñuel[24]
  5. ^ When discussing the girl whom both Eugenides and his classmate Rick Moody liked, they would refer to her as the "Obscure Object". While hosting a talk about his third novel The Marriage Plot at the Toronto Reference Library on October 24, 2011, he met her for the first time since the 1980s. She is now an art historian and lives in Toronto, Canada.[32]
  6. ^ The couple met at MacDowell Colony during Eugenides' stay there and married in 1995.[10]
  7. ^ Legend denoted that after a cocoon dropped into her teacup, Princess Si Ling-chi, who was resting under a mulberry tree, conceived silk. The princess ordered her maid to walk after grabbing hold of the thread's loose end. The thread disentangles, relinking the reader to Mount Olympus.[40]
  8. ^ The 2003 Pulitzer Board was composed of three jurors. Gail Caldwell, a past Pulitzer Prize winner and the chief book critic of The Boston Globe, chaired the panel. The other two jurors were Joel Conarroe, the president of PEN American Center, and David Gates, a senior editor at Newsweek.[130]
  9. ^ That the book was initially financially unsuccessful was disputed by Jana Funke in the 2009 Encyclopedia of Contemporary Writers and Their Work. She wrote that Middlesex was "both a literary and a commercial success upon initial publication".[157]
Footnotes
  1. ^ a b Banner 2010, p. 860.
  2. ^ a b c d Banner 2010, p. 862.
  3. ^ a b Graham 2009, p. 3.
  4. ^ a b Holmes 2008, pp. 93–94.
  5. ^ a b Schwyzer, Elizabeth (January 8, 2010). "Jeffrey Eugenides's Middlesex". Santa Barbara Independent. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 18, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Goldstein, Bill (January 1, 2003). "A Novelist Goes Far Afield but Winds Up Back Home Again". The New York Times (New York). Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Eugenides, Jeffrey (2003). 3am Interview An Interview with Jeffrey Eugenides, Author of the Middlesex and The Virgin Suicides. Interview with Moorhem, Bram van. 3:AM Magazine. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2010. 
  8. ^ Wilson 1996, p. 52.
  9. ^ Mirzoeff 1999, p. 168.
  10. ^ a b Brady, Lois Smith (December 17, 1995). "Vows: Karen Yamauchi, Jeffrey Eugenides". The New York Times (New York). Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c Brown, Mick (January 5, 2008). "Jeffrey Eugenides: Enduring love". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on April 2, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Bedell, Geraldine (October 6, 2002). "He's not like other girls". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  13. ^ Collins, Rachel (July 15, 2002). "Through gendered eyes: Jeffrey Eugenides's Middlesex". Library Journal (New York: Media Source) 121 (1). Archived from the original on October 22, 2010. Retrieved October 22, 2010. 
  14. ^ Cowan, Caitlin (November 3, 2006). "Omens and prose: Prolific author speaks to packed crowd at Rackham". The Michigan Daily (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan). Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011. 
  15. ^ Eugenides, Jeffrey (November 25, 2011). "Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides—Week three: writing Middlesex". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on December 16, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  16. ^ Eugenides 2002, p. iv.
  17. ^ "Middlesex". Farrar, Straus and Giroux (Macmillan Publishers). Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. 
  18. ^ Gray, Kim (August 13, 2008). "Reading what your book says about you". Nanaimo Daily News (Nanaimo). Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Jeffrey Eugenides". London: Bloomsbury Publishing. Archived from the original on April 6, 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  20. ^ d'Aprile-Smith, Marguerite (September 18, 2007). "Pulitzer Prize-Winning Writer Jeffrey Eugenides Joins Princeton Faculty". Princeton: Lewis Center for the Arts (Princeton University). Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2011. 
  21. ^ Lothman, Herbert R. (December 9, 2002). "Barcelona: The Translation Market in Spain's Trade Capital". Publishers Weekly (New York) 249 (9). Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Middlesex". Barcelona: Anagrama. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Q&A with Jeffery Eugenides: What does Chapter Eleven mean?". Oprah's Book Club. January 1, 2006. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  24. ^ Eugenides 2002, p. 331.
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  29. ^ a b c Houpt, Simon (August 11, 2007). "Middlesex came to him in a dream". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). Archived from the original on April 6, 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  30. ^ Bonanos 2005, p. 65.
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  33. ^ Walker, Susan (November 16, 2002). "Jeffrey Eugenides mixes history, science and sex in a novel way". Toronto Star (Toronto). Archived from the original on September 11, 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2010. 
  34. ^ a b c d Eugenides, Jeffrey (2002). Jeffrey Eugenides. Interview with Foer, Jonathan Safran. pp. 74–80. JSTOR 40426739. BOMB. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2010. 
  35. ^ a b Schwarzbaum, Lisa (September 13, 2002). "Review: Middlesex". Entertainment Weekly (New York). Archived from the original on February 26, 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  36. ^ a b "Bits and pieces; New American fiction". The Economist (London). October 5, 2002. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  37. ^ Lacayo, Richard (September 23, 2002). "Middlesex". Time (New York). Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010. 
  38. ^ a b Hillman 2002, p. 38.
  39. ^ Eugenides 2002, p. 41.
  40. ^ a b c d e Soar, Daniel (October 3, 2002). "Small Crocus, Big Kick". London Review of Books (London) 24 (19): 19–20. Archived from the original on September 11, 2011.  (subscription required)
  41. ^ a b Smee, Sebastian (October 5, 2002). "Putting it all in". The Spectator (London: Press Holdings): 43. Retrieved August 27, 2010. 
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  43. ^ Eugenides 2002, p. 346.
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  55. ^ Shostak 2008, p. 408.
  56. ^ Taberner 2007, p. 173.
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  58. ^ Eugenides 2002, pp. 402–404.
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