mathew arnold's refferences
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Arnold wrote this poem in the style of the Romantics. It has a strong spiritual/nature element to it that personifies the human existence. He uses the sea, night, moon ...to give us a surreal experience that is both mysterious and sensual. Yes I said sensual, note "the “grating roar” of the sea. THere is also the theme of the sadness of the human experience, “Retreating, to the breath/ Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear/ And naked shingles of the world”. But all this is packaged in his overall message of the mystery and supernatural nature of life.