The play Lysistrata was composed by the ancient Greek writer Aristophanes. The comedy was played in Athens in the year 411 BCE around the time when the Peloponnesian War started. In fact, the play centers on this war and the efforts of a group of women to convince the men in the country to come to a truce with the other nation.
The main character is a woman named Lysistrata herself; she manages to convince the women in Athens to refuse having sex with their husbands until they agree to stop the war. Since the theater was a common form an entertainment during those days, many were able to see the play and hear the message it transmitted.
While modern critics consider the play as being feminist, this is not entirely true. During the time when the play was written, women had no power and were not able to mingle in official affairs. While Lysistrata is portrayed as being a powerful woman, her companions are still controlled by their husbands and need their protection. Thus, the play continues to promote certain stereotypes about women existing in those times.
Despite this, the play was well-received by the audience in Aristophanes’s time and it was translated in many languages in time. The play survived until today; it is still played in various theaters all over the globe.