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This is really a thematic question. Golding has many messages, perhaps the main one relating to the inherent darkness of man's heart. Is evil innate within the human spirit, or is it an influence from an external source? What role do societal rules and institutions play in the existence of human evil? Does the capacity for evil vary from person to person, or does it depend on the circumstances each individual faces? These questions are at the heart of Lord of the Flies which, through detailed depictions of the boys' different responses to their situation, presents a complex articulation of humanity's potential for evil. In any case you can find the link to themes pretty useful below:
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