what was the role of the conch in lord of the flies as a political Allegory?
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The boys attempt to create a working government and a community. The conch represents democracy where every citizen has a say. At first democracy is seen as a toy or a game but, after Jack looses out on being elected chief, political conflict ensues. Both Ralph and Jack symbolize different types of government. Ralph symbolizes democracy. The boys elect Ralph as leader, "elect" being the operative word here. Ralph shares responsibilities with the other boys. He is a boy who leads by example. Ralph has a vision, as much as a boy can have, of a functioning society. Ralph even gives Jack control of a sort of army/hunting wing of government. Ralph evolves by utilizing the strengths of other boys, like Simon and Piggy, to help develop a better society and perhaps get rescued. Jack represents an autocratic dictatorship. He has no interest in society or rescue. At first Jack seems content to hunt and play his quasi-war games. Later, like many emerging democracies, the military leader is not content to work in a democracy. Jack takes control and becomes the autocratic dictator who leads by fear instead of consultation and example. By the end of the novel Jack sets himself up as sort of a God/King, “Jack, now a leader sits on a great log, painted and garlanded as an idol.” The civilized democracy of Ralph has long been forgotten.