lord of the flies
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There are many Biblical allusions in this story. The burning fire at the end has turned the island into a literal and figurative Hell.When Simon faces the "Lord of the Flies", he is really facing his inner evil: it is Belzebub, the latin name for Satan. The Island is also turned from Biblical like Eden to a literal and figurative Hell. Hell becomes a place where the "weak" and sympathetic are punished and the "strong" and ruthless are rewarded. One of my favourite lines comes earlier on in the book when Piggy is watching the boys dance around the giant fire, "Piggy glanced nervously into hell and cradled the conch." For a guy like Piggy and, to a lesser extent Ralph, this is literally and symbolically Hell. It is a place where disorder and destruction rule. The Pig's head on the stick "The Lord of the Flies" is a derived from the latin Beelzebub or devil. It attracts and corrupts. It asserts itself as the driver behind the boys' hearts and minds.