Juvenal: Satires


  1. ^ Lucilius – the acknowledged originator of Roman Satire in the form practiced by Juvenal – experimented with other meters before settling on dactylic hexameter.
  2. ^ There were other authors who wrote within the genre, but only the texts of these three have been extensively preserved.
  3. ^ The intended reader was expected to understand these references without recourse to footnotes or reference works on Greco-Roman myth and history. The Satires are sophisticated literary works for a sophisticated reader.
  4. ^ a b Green, 1998, Introduction: LIX-LXIII
  5. ^ a b Miller, Paul Allen. Latin Verse Satire. 2005, page 232
  6. ^ The word virtus in line 20 is the ultimate source of the English word virtue and is related to the Latin word vir (elite man). While the English term has primarily a moral connotation, the Latin word encompassed all characteristics appropriate to a vir – in short excellence. The narrator's point is that the only thing that makes one rightly nobilis (known, famous) is being personally outstanding.

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