Book: Ishmael: An Adventure of the Mind and Spirit.
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After some thought, the narrator figures out that those who live in the hands of the gods continue to evolve, while the Takers do not. Man became man by living in the hands of the gods, evolving from Australopithecus to Homo sapiens sapiens, but have effectively removed themselves from natural selection, the evolutionary process, and creation itself. From these discoveries, the narrator is able to articulate the competing premises of the respective stories. For the Takers, “the world belongs to man,” while for the Leavers, “man belongs to the world” (240). In other words, everything initially belonged to the world, and man evolved because he allowed the world to affect him. For those who accept the Leaver premise, "creation goes on forever" (240).