The Question and Answer section for Iliad is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Priam appeals to Achilles humanity is in attempt to get Achilles to relent and give him the body of his son. He talks of his son and their deaths, he grieves, and he pleads. Priam's actions soften Achilles, making him think of his own father, and...
The Trojans break the truce between, after Athena tempts Pandarus, a Trojan archer, to loose an arrow, which hits Menelaus. The truce is over.
Achilles agrees to join the battle after Hector has killed Patroclus.