Gwendolyn Brooks: Poems

Honors and Legacy

  • 1946, Guggenheim Fellow in Poetry
  • 1946, American Academy of Arts & Letters Award
  • 1950, Pulitzer Prize in Poetry
  • 1968, appointed Poet Laureate of Illinois, a position she held until her death in 2000
  • 1976, the Shelley Memorial Award of the Poetry Society of America
  • 1985, selected as the Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, an honorary one-year position whose title was renamed the next year to Poet Laureate
  • 1988, inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame
  • 1989, awarded the Robert Frost Medal for lifetime achievement by the Poetry Society of America
  • 1992, awarded the Aiken Taylor Award by the Sewanee Review
  • 1994, chosen as the National Endowment for the Humanities' Jefferson Lecturer, one of the highest honors in American literature and the highest award in the humanities given by the federal government.
  • 1994, Recipient of the National Book Foundations's Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters
  • 1995, presented with the National Medal of Arts
  • 1995, honored as the first Woman of the Year chosen by the Harvard Black Men's Forum
  • 1995, received the Chicago History Museum "Making History Award" for Distinction in Literature
  • 1997, awarded the Order of Lincoln award from The Lincoln Academy of Illinois, the highest honor granted by the State of Illinois[14]

Brooks also received more than 75 honorary degrees from colleges and universities worldwide.


  • 1970: Gwendolyn Brooks Cultural Center, Western Illinois University, Macomb, Illinois[15]
  • 1995: Gwendolyn Brooks Elementary School, Aurora, Illinois
  • 1990: Gwendolyn Brooks Center for Black Literature and Creative Writing, Chicago State University[16]
  • 2001: Gwendolyn Brooks College Preparatory Academy, Chicago, Illinois
  • 2001: Gwendolyn Brooks Middle School, Harvey, Illinois[17]
  • 2002: Gwendolyn Brooks Middle School, Oak Park, Illinois
  • 2003: Gwendolyn Brooks Illinois State Library, Springfield, Illinois
  • 2002: 100 Greatest African Americans[18]
  • 2004 Gwendolyn Brooks Park named by the Chicago Park District, 4542 S. Greenwood Ave. Chicago IL 60653
  • 2005: Gwendolyn Brooks Middle School, Bolingbrook, Illinois
  • 2012: Honored on a United States' postage stamp.[19]

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