Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies is a 1997 non-fiction novel by Jared Diamond, and the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction in 1988. The book chronicles history from the beginning of humankind, attempting to explain why in humans' history certain societies and hegemonies have survived while so many perished.
Diamond takes the stance that Eurasian powers are so influential and technologically advanced today not because of genetic differences between them, but because of differences in environment in the earliest days of mankind. Guns, Germs, and Steel interprets mankind's history in terms of geographics; even while some peoples had natural resistance against certain diseases, Diamond argues that this was also due to environment, not concrete genetical superiority.
Guns, Germs, and Steel was extremely well-received by historians, critics and the general public alike. Diamond won the Pulitzer Prize in 1988 for this novel, as well as the Aventis Prize for Best Science Book. The National Geographic Society even produced a documentary based on the novel, which aired in 2005.