the elements of fantasy used in Gulliver's travels, by Jonathan Swift
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Certainly if we took Gulliver's Travels at face value one might think that Swift had discovered some early form of hallucinogen drug. Once we take a look at the sub-text it becomes clear that the work is a satirical view of the state of European government, and of petty differences between religions. This is exactly why it is so famous. Swift uses fantastical elements like floating islands, tiny people, and enlightened talking horses to criticize of European society.