Predicting imminent disaster and total or universal destruction.
Rudely assertive or pushy.
A spell or incantation with lasting results upon the subject.
Marked or shaded with two or more sets of parallel lines.
Philosophical belief that the universe is divided between two powers, often identified as "good" and "evil," which are in a constant state of balanced conflict.
School of philosophical thought in which only what the senses can experience and measure in some way is considered real and with any bearing on questions of deeper significance.
Philosophy which states that existence precedes essence (or meaning). The view that our beliefs about the world and ourselves must begin with the fact of our existence, and the meanings we derive from that existence are self-created.
The philosophical belief that only material things, not spiritual or immaterial objects, exist and therefore have any significance.
A long, wooden building designed to hold large numbers of people. Hrothgar's mead hall, like many real ones, was used primarily to eat, drink, and hear stories told or sung by professional musician-poets. The mead hall represents the center of a village's culture and community.
An expanse of standing water. The mere marks the entry to Beowulf's underground home.
Deserving reward or praise.
The belief in only one god, which makes all other, lesser "gods" either nonexistent or lesser beings without divinity.
The viewpoint that traditional values and beliefs are meaningless, and that existence is senseless and useless.
Small or meager.
A sign or warning of things to come.
Poorly made or constructed of inferior materials.
The philosophical belief that the individual is the sole inhabitant of the universe and that all other persons and objects are creations of that individual's mind or imagination.
School of ancient Greek philosophers, contemporaries of Socrates, who were known for using their knowledge of logical argumentation to twist logic in favor of the person paying the most.
A title given to a leader among the Scyldings and other Danish tribes. Thanes were warriors who owed their allegiance to a higher lord (in this case, Hrothgar).
A payment made by one ruler or nation to another in exchange for protection or lack of aggression.
Grendel Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for Grendel is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Grendel hates the obvious happiness in Hrothgar's hall. He is twice attacked by humans and made invincible by the dragon's magic. He is not accepted by the humans, thus, he makes it his work to kill them.
When Grendel first meets Hrothgar's men, he is overcome with curiosity, as are they. If fact, the men believe Grendel to be a tree spirit and attempt to feed him. It isn't until Grendel tries to verbally communicate with the men that they become...
The dragon tells Grendel that he is all knowing and higher evolved than all living things. He believes the theories of humans to be nonsensical, and the Shaper to be no more than a manipulator with impeccable skills in presentation.