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A simile is a comparison using like or as. An allusion is a rhetorical technique in which reference is made to a person, event, object, or work from history or literature. The simile he uses alludes to a story from The Thousand and One Nights;
“I was like a wild beast that had broken the toils, destroying the objects that obstructed me and ranging through the wood with a stag-like swiftness.”
He makes this allusion to explain that it was as though a powerful rage had built up within him...... a rage that had then exploded (wild beast that had broken the toils), that he was moving on quickly and with power (stags are powerful beasts) through the woods......... and that out of necessity anything in his way was destroyed without looking back.