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Geography of Iwo Jima?

Where is it located, what was its strategic (military) significance in WW II, and how did the terrain affect the strategy and tactics of the American Forces?

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Last updated by johannes t #168481
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Near Japan. Coordinates: 24°47′N 141°19′E

It's strategic significance was that it is awfully close to Japan. It would facilitate American air attacks on Japan because while it was in Japanese hands, Japan could prepare for bombings, it was an early warning station. Moreover it was a point of support for naval units. I'm not sure about terrain. all I know is that the bombings were rather ineffectual and that the Americans ran into much stronger defences than they had anticipated.