Ezra Pound: Poems

References

Notes

  1. ^ Hemingway (2006), 5–6
  2. ^ The Pisan Cantos (80.665–67), Sieburth (2003), xiii
  3. ^ "Books: Unpegged Pound", Time, 20 March 1933.
    • For Hemingway, see Hemingway (2006), 25
  4. ^ For the address of the house he was born in, see Ridler, Keith. "Poet's Idaho home is reborn", Associated Press, 25 May 2008
    • For his father working in Hailey, see Moody (2007), 4
  5. ^ Tytell (1987), 11
  6. ^ a b c Moody (2007), xiii–13
  7. ^ a b Cockram (2005), 238
  8. ^ Moody (2007), xiii
  9. ^ Rachewiltz, Moody and Moody (2011), x; the limerick was published on 7 November 1896.
  10. ^ Moody (2007), 8–9
  11. ^ Moody (2007), 14; for Cheltenham Township High School, see McDonald (2005), 91, and Stock (1970), 11
  12. ^ Stock (1964), 6
  13. ^ Doolittle (1979), 67–68
    • Hilda's Book is in the Houghton Library at Harvard; see "Poems and Translations", Library of America.
  14. ^ Tytell (1987), 24–28; for dedication of Personae see Nadel (1999), xviii
  15. ^ Moody (2007), 18–25
    • He would later apply the form he imagined throughout the writing of the Cantos. See Moody (2007), 24
  16. ^ Moody (2007), 19, 27–28
  17. ^ Moody (2007), 28–29
  18. ^ Moody (2007), 29–31
  19. ^ Moody (2007), 59–62; Wilhelm (1985), 177; Carpenter (1988), 80
  20. ^ For the date he arrived in Gibraltar and Venice, see Moody (2007), 62, 63.
    • For the bakery, see Tytell (1987), 35
    • For the dedication of A Lume Spento, see Zinnes (1980), xi
    • For the Evening Standard quote, see Eliot (1917), 5
    • For information about Brooke Smith, see Carpenter (1988), 91, 95
  21. ^ Knapp (1979), 25–27
  22. ^ Stock (1970), 53–54
  23. ^ Wilhelm (2008), 4
    • Also see Campbell, James. "Home from home", The Guardian, 17 May 2008.
    • Pound (2003), 80, lines 334–336
  24. ^ Wilhelm (2008), 7
  25. ^ Wilhelm (2008), 5–11
  26. ^ Moody (2007), 113
  27. ^ Stock (1970), p. 37.
  28. ^ Tytell (1987), 46
  29. ^ For the money from Cravens, see Moody (2007), 124–125; for the speculation that they were lovers, see Carpenter (1988), 155; Dennis (1999), 264; Pound, Omar (1988), 66
  30. ^ Moody (2007), 91
  31. ^ Moody (2007), 93
  32. ^ For his move to Church Walk, see Moody (2007), 180
    • For Personae, see Elek, Jon. "Personae", The Literary Encyclopedia, 8 April 2004.
    • For Exultations, see Wilson, Peter. "Exultations", The Literary Encyclopedia, 20 April 2004.
  33. ^ Stock (1970), 70, 81–89
  34. ^ Wilhelm (2008), 62–65
  35. ^ a b Montgomery, Paul L. "Ezra Pound: A Man of Contradictions", The New York Times, 2 November 1972
  36. ^ Tytell (1987), 59–62
  37. ^ Stock (1970), 95
  38. ^ Elek, Jon. "Canzoni", The Literary Encyclopedia, 8 March 2005.
    • Orage also made an appearance in The Cantos (where Possum is T. S. Eliot): "But the lot of 'em, / Yeats, Possum and Wyndham / had no ground beneath 'em. / Orage had." See Wilhelm (2008), 83, citing Canto 98/685.
  39. ^ Moody (2007), 180
  40. ^ Arrowsmith (2011), 103–164
    • Also see Arrowsmith (2011), 27–42, 118, and Dennis (2000), 101
  41. ^ a b Video of a lecture discussing the importance of Japanese culture to Pound's early poetry, London University School of Advanced Study, March 2012.
  42. ^ Witemeyer (1961), 112.
  43. ^ Venuti (1979), 88; Knapp (1979), 54
  44. ^ Moody (2007), 180, 222
  45. ^ a b Pound, Ezra. "A Retrospect", in T. S. Eliot. (1968). Literary Essays of Ezra Pound. New York: New Directions Publishing. 3–5; first published 1918.
  46. ^ Witemeyer (1969), 34
    • For its description as the classic Imagist poem, see Witemeyer (1999), 49
  47. ^ Pound, Ezra, Ripostes, Stephen Swift & Co Ltd, London, 1912.
  48. ^ For submission and publication dates, see Pound, Ezra. Poems and translations, Library of America, (2003), 1239
    • For Knapp's view, see Knapp (1979), 57
    • For Pound's first use of the word "Imagiste", see Pound (1918), 4
    • For Alexander's view and the unpopularity of Pound's translations, see Alexander (1979), 62
    • For the original text of The Seafarer, see "The Seafarer", Anglo-Saxons.net.
    • For Pound's interpretation of the poem, see Pound, Ezra. "The Seafarer", Representative Poetry Online, University of Toronto.
  49. ^ Sieburth (2010), xv
  50. ^ Moody (2007), 239
  51. ^ The Chinese Written Character as a Medium for Poetry: A Critical Edition (New York: Fordham University Press, 2008).
  52. ^ a b Alexander (1979), 95
  53. ^ Yip, Wai-lim. Ezra Pound's Cathay. Princeton University Press, 1969, cited in Alexander (1979), 99
  54. ^ "The Fenollosa Papers" in Stock (1965), 177–179
  55. ^ Graves, from "These Be Your Gods, O Israel" (138–139)
  56. ^ Yao (2010), 36–39
  57. ^ Stock (1970), 143–147; Tytell (1987), 97
  58. ^ Moody (2007), 240
    • Also see Longenbach, James (1988). Stone Cottage. Oxford University Press, and Longenbach, James. "The Odd Couple: Pound and Yeats Together", The New York Times, 10 January 1988.
  59. ^ Moody (2007), 246–249
  60. ^ Moody (2007), 230, 256
  61. ^ Stock (1970), 159
  62. ^ Campbell, James. "Home from home", The Guardian, 17 May 2008.
  63. ^ Moody (2007), 222–225
  64. ^ Aiken (1965), 4–5
  65. ^ Mertens, Richard. "Letter by letter", University of Chicago Magazine, April, 2001.
  66. ^ Moody (2007), 306–307
  67. ^ Moody (2007), 330, 334
  68. ^ a b Moody (2007), 342
  69. ^ Stock (1970), 174, 180–182
  70. ^ Moody (2007), 334–335
  71. ^ Kenner (1971), 286
  72. ^ Adams (2005), 149
    • Bilan (2010), 89
    • Pound, Ezra. "Hugh Selwyn Mauberley", the text from Project Gutenberg, 18 November 2007.
    • Also see Leavis (1932), 134, 150
  73. ^ Moody (2007), 394–396
  74. ^ Moody (2007), 410
  75. ^ a b Meyers (1985), 70–74
  76. ^ Bornstein (1999), 33–34
  77. ^ Carpenter (1988), 430–431, 448
  78. ^ For his need of a mistress, see Tytell (1987), 180
    • For their belonging to different circles, see Wilhelm (2008), 251
  79. ^ For his operas, see Kenner (1973), 390
    • For his pieces for violin, see Stock (1970), 252–256
  80. ^ a b c Tytell (1987), 191–193
  81. ^ Baker (1981), 127
  82. ^ Tytell (1987), 225
  83. ^ Tytell (1987), 198
  84. ^ Carpenter (1988), 450–451
  85. ^ Carpenter (1988), 452–453
  86. ^ For the woman who raised Mary, and Pound telling Dorothy, see Wilhelm (1994), 13–15
    • For the house in Venice, see Tytell (1987), 198
    • For Mary's memoir, see de Rachewiltz (1971), 11
  87. ^ Wilhelm (1994), 22–24
  88. ^ Nadel (1999), xxi–xxiii
  89. ^ Tytell (1987), 215
  90. ^ Terrell, Carroll F. (1980). A Companion to The Cantos of Ezra Pound. Berkeley: University of California Press, vii
  91. ^ Bush (1976), xiii–xv
  92. ^ Preda (2005), 90
  93. ^ Tytell (1987), 228–232
  94. ^ Tytell (1987), 250–253
  95. ^ Tytell (1987), 254
  96. ^ a b Tytell (1987), 253–265
  97. ^ "Selected World War II Broadcasts", Modern American Poetry.
  98. ^ Tytell (1987), 260
  99. ^ Tytell (1987), 264–265
  100. ^ Tytell (1987), 268–270
  101. ^ Gill (2005), 115–116
  102. ^ Gery (2010), 222
  103. ^ Tytell (1987), 262
  104. ^ Tytell (1987), 264–273
  105. ^ Sieburth (2003b), xiv
  106. ^ a b c Sieburth (2003), ix–xiv
  107. ^ Sieburth Stock (1970), 408; Sieburth (2003b), xi
  108. ^ Stock (1970), 408
  109. ^ a b Kimpel (1981), 470–474
  110. ^ a b c d e Tytell (1987), 289–297, 304–305
  111. ^ For Cornell's efforts, see "Julien Cornell, 83, The Defense Lawyer In Ezra Pound Case", The New York Times, 7 December 1994.
  112. ^ Mitgang, Herbert. "Researchers dispute Ezra Pound's 'insanity'", The New York Times, 31 October 1981.
    • Also see Kutler, Stanley I. (1983). American Inquisition: Justice and Injustice in the Cold War. Hill & Wang.
  113. ^ a b c d Tytell (1987), 293, 302–303
    • Tytell cites MacLeish, Archibald. Riders on the Earth, Houghton Mifflin, 1978, 120; Winnick, R.H. (ed.) Letters of Archibald MacLeish, 1907 to 1982. Houghton Mifflin, 1983; and in particular a letter from MacLeish to Milton Eisenhower, which is in the Library of Congress.
    • For more details of who supported and opposed, see McGuire (1988)
    • Also see Sieburth (2003), xxxviii–xxxix. Sieburth writes: "At their [the committee's first] meeting [in November 1948], and to no one's great surprise, given [Allen] Tate's behind-the-scenes maneuverings and the intimidating presence of recent Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot, The Pisan Cantos emerged as the major contender ..."
    • See Sieburth (above) for Pound's response.
    • The Associated Press reported the list of judges as Conrad Aiken, W. H. Auden, Louise Bogan, Katherine Garrison Chapin, T. S. Eliot, Paul Green, Robert Lowell, Katherine Anne Porter, Karl Shapiro, Allen Tate, Willard Thorp, and Robert Penn Warren. Also on the list of judges were Leonie Adams, the Library of Congress's poetry consultant, and Theodore Spencer, who died on 18 January 1949, just before the award was announced. See "Pound, in Mental Clinic, Wins Prize for Poetry Penned in Treason Cell", The New York Times, 19 February 1949.
  114. ^ Sieburth (2003), p. xxxvi
  115. ^ "Canto Controversy" Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 22 August 1949.
    • Hillyer, Robert. "Treason's Strange Fruit" and "Poetry's New Priesthood", in The Saturday Review of Literature, 11 and 18 June 1949.
    • For a discussion, see McGuire, William. Poetry's Catbird Seat, Library of Congress, 1998; this excerpt courtesy of the University of Pennsylvania.
  116. ^ a b Wilhelm (1994), 286, 306
  117. ^ Hickman (2005), 127
  118. ^ a b Tytell (1987), 306–308
  119. ^ Hemingway, Ernest. "The Art of Fiction", Paris Review, No. 21.
  120. ^ "Police Firmness in Nashville", Life magazine, 23 September 1957, 34; Tytell (1987), 308
  121. ^ Stock (1970), 437
  122. ^ Reynolds (2000), 303
  123. ^ Lewis, Anthony. U.S. asked to end Pound indictment", The New York Times, 14 April 1958.
  124. ^ Tytell (1987), 325–326
  125. ^ "Pound, in Italy, Gives Fascist Salute; Calls United States an 'Insane Asylum'", The New York Times, 10 July 1958.
  126. ^ a b Tytell (1987), 328–332
    • For the reference to "Canto 113", see Sieburth (2003), xl
  127. ^ Hall, Donald. "Ezra Pound, The Art of Poetry No. 5", The Paris Review, 28, Summer–Fall 1962.
  128. ^ Tytell (1987), 333–336
  129. ^ a b Nadel (2007), 18
  130. ^ Tytell (1987), 337–339
  131. ^ Tytell (1987), 339
    • Also see "Ezra Pound Dies in Venice at Age of 87", The New York Times, 2 November 1972.
  132. ^ O'Connor (1963), 7, 19
  133. ^ a b c Nadel (1999), 1–6; Witmeyer (1999), 47
  134. ^ Coats (2009), 87–89
  135. ^ Stark (2001) 10–12
  136. ^ a b Ingham (1999), 236–237
  137. ^ Pound (1968), 103
  138. ^ Ingham (1999), 244–245
  139. ^ Oliver (2011), 87
  140. ^ a b Albright (1999), 60
  141. ^ Yao (2010), 34–35
  142. ^ Yao (2010), 33–36
  143. ^ Alexander (1997), 23–30
  144. ^ a b Xie (1999), 204–212
  145. ^ Kenner (1971), 199
  146. ^ a b Nadel (1999), 1–6
  147. ^ Beasley (2010), 662
  148. ^ Xie (1999), 217
  149. ^ Ingham (1999), 240
  150. ^ O'Connor (1963), 7
  151. ^ Tate (1965), 87
  152. ^ Nadel (1999), 8
  153. ^ Nicholls (1999), 144
  154. ^ Bacigalupo (1999), 188–191
  155. ^ Bacigalupo (1999), 203
  156. ^ Redman (1999), 258
  157. ^ Redman (1999), 255–260
  158. ^ Nadel (1999), 10
  159. ^ Bacigalupo (1999), 203
    • For "strident impatience", see Coats (2009), 80, and for "not very successfully", 83
  160. ^ a b Wilson, Edmund (2007). "Ezra Pound's Patchwork", Literary Essays and Reviews of the 1920s & 30s. Library of America, 44, 45; the essay was first published on 19 April 1922.
  161. ^ Beasley (2010), 651
  162. ^ a b c Nadel (1999), 12
  163. ^ Kenner (1983), 16
  164. ^ Alexander (1997), 15–18
  165. ^ Nadel (2010b), 162–165
  166. ^ a b Nadel (1999), 13
  167. ^ Feldman (2012), 94
  168. ^ Coats (2009), 81
  169. ^ Surrette (1999) 13
  170. ^ Nadel (2010a), 1–6
  171. ^ Feldman (2012), 90–91
  172. ^ Bornstein (1999), 22–23
  173. ^ Witemeyer (1999), 48
  174. ^ Eliot (1917), 3
  175. ^ Canto 120, the final canto, first published in Threshold, Belfast, and in The Anonym Quarterly, New York, 1969. See Pound, Ezra. The Cantos of Ezra Pound. New Directions Books, 1983, 802
    • There is a debate about the placement of the final canto. See "Late Cantos LXXII–CXVII" Bush (1999), 132
    • Also see Stoicheff, Peter. The Hall of Mirrors: Drafts & Fragments and the End of Ezra Pound's Cantos. University of Michigan Press, 1995, 66
  176. ^ For Arthur Miller's quote, see Torrey (1984), 200. For Rosenthal, see her A Primer of Ezra Pound. Macmillan, 1960, 2
  177. ^ Flory (1999), 285–286, 294–300
  178. ^ a b Carpenter (1988), 898–899
  179. ^ Ackroyd, Peter. (1980). Ezra Pound. Thames and Hudson Ltd., 121. For early publications, see Eliot, T. S. (1917). Ezra Pound, His Metric and Poetry. Alfred A. Knopf, 1917, 29–31

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