The play was written in Middle English during the Tudor period, but the identity of the author is unknown. Although the play was apparently produced with some frequency in the seventy-five years following its composition, no production records survive.
There is a similar Dutch-language (Flemish) morality play of the same period called Elckerlijc. Scholars have yet to reach an agreement on when Everyman was translated this play, or even its relation to a later Latin work named Homulus. However, Cawley goes so far as to say that the "evidence for … Elckerlijk is certainly very strong".