Desire Under the Elms

Synopsis

Act 1, Scene 1

The play opens at the exterior of a farmhouse in New England. It is sunset on an early summer day in 1850. Eben Cabot enters and walks to the edge of the porch. He rings a bell to call in his half brothers, Simeon and Peter, who emerge soon after Eben goes back inside. The two brothers begin to talk about gold in the west and the risk of leaving everything they have worked for here. Eben sticks his head out the window as the two brothers speculate over their father’s disappearance to the west saying that he hasn’t left the farm in 30 years or more. They decide they can’t go west until their father dies. Eben reveals himself then by saying he prays his father is dead. With one last look at the setting sun and the promise of the west, the brothers retreat inside for supper.

Act 1, Scene 2

This scene opens at twilight in the kitchen of the farmhouse. As the three brothers eat dinner, Simeon and Peter reprimand Eben for speaking ill of their father. Eben then unloads his hate for his father because Eben blames him for his mother’s death. He denounces his father saying he is his mother through and through. Eben also reveals his grudge against his half brothers for not helping or protecting his mother. He then leaves to visit his local prostitute. As Eben leaves his brothers remark on how like his father he is.

Act 1, Scene 3

Eben comes home late and wakes his brothers. He informs them that their father has remarried a 35 year old woman and is on his way home. When Simeon and Peter realize the farm will go to her, they decide to go west. Eben desperately wants the farm because it belonged to his mother and he wishes to honor her memory. He offers to buy his brother’s shares of the farm for $300 each. They tell him they will think about it, waiting to decide until they see their father’s new wife and can see the money in person. However, as soon as Eben leaves the room they decide to stop working for the farm.

Act 1, Scene 4

The brothers reveal to Eben they won’t be working on the farm anymore so Eben goes to milk the cows while Peter and Simeon get drunk. Eben returns to the house after seeing his father and his new wife on the horizon. Peter and Simeon decide to leave the farm and sign the papers for Eben. They walk outside, taunt their father, Ephraim, and his new wife, Abbie, and then leave for California. Abbie begins to explore the house and runs into Eben. They are both attracted to each other but fight over the future possession of the farm. The scene closes with harsh words between Ephraim and Eben.

Act 2, Scene 1

This scene takes place outside the farmhouse two months later. Abbie catches Eben on the way to visit Min, his choice prostitute. She tries to seduce him but he only has a mind for owning the farm and leaves her. Ephraim enters and is transformed. He is now gentle and is coming around to the idea of Eben owning the farm. Abbie gets upset at possibly losing the farm to Eben and claims he was lusting after her. Ephraim wants to throw Eben off the farm but Abbie convinces him that Eben is needed to do the farm work. She then suggests they have a son and Ephraim promises to give her the farm if she does.

Act 2, Scene 2

Ephraim and Abbie sit in their bedroom talking about having a son. Ephraim tells the story of how he made the farm when he was only 20 years old and the terrible loneliness he has experienced with his wives. Abbie has no interest in his story and he leaves. Abbie then goes to Eben’s room and kisses him. He kisses her, but then, confused, pushes her away. However, caught in her power, he agrees to court her in the parlor that has been closed since his mother’s dead.

Act 2, Scene 3

Eben meets Abbie in the parlor where Eben talks about his mom and begins to cry. Abbie comforts him; saying that she could be a new mom to him and asking him to kiss her. Eventually Eben gives in and admits he loves her and has since the first hour he met her.

Act 2, Scene 4

Abbie bids Eben goodbye as he heads for work. She makes him re-swear his love and then goes to get some sleep. Eben runs into his father and asks for their feud to be over. He believes his mother’s soul is now at rest because he has taken revenge on his father and goes laughing off to work.

Act 3, Scene 1

Ephraim throws a party for the birth of what he considers his new son. Abbie sits in a chair, pale and unmoving. She keeps asking where Eben is. The party guests keep hinting that they know the son is Eben’s but neither Abbie or Ephraim catch on. Abbie goes upstairs and finds Eben they kiss and she says the baby looks just like him. Ephraim goes outside for air, and with a feeling that something’s not at rest, goes to sleep with the cows.

Act 3, Scene 2

Ephraim runs into Eben later that night and tells him he will not have the farm now that Ephraim has a son. Eben becomes convinced that Abbie has been using him and confronts her about it when Ephraim goes inside and Abbie comes out. He says that he is going to leave, that he doesn’t love her and that she is a lying whore. Hysterical, she asks that if there was a way to prove that she didn’t have a son with him to steal the land from him, would he ever love her again. He says yes, but that she isn’t God so there is no way. She promises that there is and Eben goes inside to get drunk.

Act 3, Scene 3

It is the morning after the party and Eben sits in the kitchen with his bag packed. Abbie comes downstairs and tells him what she has done to prove she loves him and wasn’t lying. She has killed their son. Eben in a rage, condemns her and runs out to get a sheriff to take her away. Abbie faints.

Act 3, Scene 4

Ephraim wakes up and Abbie tells him she has murdered the baby and that it wasn’t his. He becomes detached and says he is going out to work. Before he leaves, Ephraim says she should have loved him and he would have protected her no matter what. Eben comes back and professes that he still loves her but that he told the sheriff. He demands to take some fault for murder. Abbie doesn’t want him to, but he blurts it out the moment the sheriff arrives. The two get taken away together.


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