"a rich jewel on the sun god's chariot"
"a worthless person only fit to wear servant's clothes"
"thinking about Fidele's sickness made my walk from the cave long and tedious"
"he is worth almost as much more than me as the punishment he pays"
"he takes my father's part by drawing his sword upon an exile [in this case, Posthumus]"
"I praise him within his merit"
"ambassadors for her lover"
"mingle their roots together"
a reference to Cleopatra, the Queen of Egypt, and Antony, the Roman general who adored her
"to try to buy sex [as in a brothel in Rome]"
"we have been too mild in our tolerance"
the legendary founder of Rome who betrayed Dido at Carthage, causing her to commit suicide in grief
the poeticization of Africa; refers to any such place Jacobeans would have found desolate
a champion soldier of Greece
the Phoenix, a mythic bird said to regenerate from its own ashes. Shakespeare explored the phoenix image throughout his career, especially in the poem "The Phoenix and the Turtle"
Julius Caesar's protege and the first Roman Emperor
a mythic reptile similar to a dragon
Cymbeline's predecessor as King of England
capable of protecting someone from evil
rough, heavy, hobnailed shoes
a river in modern-day Turkey
another name for Aphrodite or Venus, the goddess of love and beauty
a derogatory term or phrase
a poeticization of Diana, goddess of the hunt and of virginity
the chaste goddess of the hunt and of virginity
characterized by superficiality
a landholder who ranks below the gentry
an ally or loved one; someone who has known another in a sexual context
full of acorns; possessing of large testicles
prostitute, usu. male (e.g. "gigolo")
a legendary knot that none could untie, said to have been cut by Alexander the Great
Priam's wife, the Queen of Troy, who was famously furious at the Greeks in the Iliad
the heroic god who possessed terrific strength
like Jove (i.e. Jupiter); god-like
the legendary Roman general who was killed by Roman senators just before he could transform Rome into an empire and become Emperor
"Hera" in Greek mythology; Zeus' powerful and jealous wife
the Roman name for the Greek god, Zeus, who ruled Mount Olympus and the heavens
London; according to legend, Cymbeline's grandfather, Lud, founded the town
a small offering or tribute
swift; like Mercury, the god of speed
contemptuous term for an underling
the legendary first King of England
that which Fate has ordained
a panderer; an allusion to Pandar, the go-between for Troilus and Cressida
inhabitants of the modern-day Balkans
servant in charge of the pantry
a soldier of Parthia, a nation known for its archers on horseback, who would fire volleys of arrows as they retreated
a mythic beauty who was raped by Tereus
a contemptuous term meaning "doll" or "toy"
contemptuous term for a kite
choir; settlement of birds
"Richard of the Field": a reference to Shakespeare's friend, Richard Field, who was a printer at Stratford-upon-Avon; most likely a compliment
Jupiter's father, thought to be slow, cold and gloomy.
a river separating England from Wales
the leader of Siena (an error on Shakespeare's part, as Siena was a republic)
a Trojan who betrayed his cause to the Greeks
a contemptuous term directed toward someone of lower class
south wind, thought in Shakespeare's time to be a bad portent
standing full upright with dignified comportment
an infamous rapist who ravished Philomel and cut out her tongue so that she couldn't report the crime; a character in Ovid's Metamorphoses
the low-status soldier immortalized by Homer in the Iliad and by Shakespeare in Troilus and Cressida