The Question and Answer section for Cry, the Beloved Country is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
This is a pretty involved question for this short answer forum space. Still, check this out:
Evidently, from the book, the South African justice system did not take the bigger picture of race and disenfranchisement for Absalom. The judge finds no mitigating circumstances, and sentences Absalom to death by hanging.
In Chapter 23, anonymous voices takes over the narration. These two voices represent opposing views of the new gold strike. The first point of view represents the conservative standpoint; the second voise represents the liberal.