Kant borrowed the term "categories" from Aristotle, but with the concession that Aristotle's own categorizations were faulty. Aristotle's imperfection is apparent from his inclusion of "some modes of pure sensibility (quando, ubi, situs, also prius, simul), also an empirical concept (motus), none of which can belong to this genealogical register of the understanding."
Kant's divisions, however, are guided by his search in the mind for what makes synthetic a priori judgments possible.
|FUNCTION OF THOUGHT IN JUDGMENT||CATEGORIES OF UNDERSTANDING||PRINCIPLES OF PURE UNDERSTANDING|
|Universal Particular Singular||Unity Plurality Totality||Axioms of Intuition|
|Affirmative Negative Infinite||Reality Negation Limitation||Anticipations of Perception|
|Categorical Hypothetical Disjunctive||Of Inherence and Subsistence (substantia et accidens) Of Causality and Dependence (cause and effect) Of Community (reciprocity between the agent and patient)||Analogies of Experience|
|Problematical Assertorical Apodeictical||Possibility-Impossibility Existence-Non-existence Necessity-Contingence||Postulates of Empirical Thought in General|