Cousin Bette

Notes

  1. ^ Quoted in Gerson, p. 155.
  2. ^ Pritchett, pp. 111 and 199; Gerson, p. 250; Hunt, p. 375; Maurois, pp. 485–486; Floyd, p. 246.
  3. ^ Robb, pp. 223–227, 337–338, and 403; Pritchett, pp. 261–262; Gerson, pp. 152–162 and 323–354. Gerson and Maurois indicate that the baby was "born prematurely" and died soon afterwards; Robb and Pritchett describe it as a miscarriage.
  4. ^ Robb, pp. 172 and 315–316; Mishra, p. 185.
  5. ^ Bellos, Bette, p. 75. He notes that this was roughly the same moment when Dickens was introducing the English serial with Pickwick Papers. See also Stowe, pp. 101–102.
  6. ^ Bellos, Criticism, p. 19; Stowe, p. 102.
  7. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 76–77.
  8. ^ a b Quoted in Hunt, p. 375.
  9. ^ a b Quoted in Stowe, p. 102.
  10. ^ Hunt, pp. 325–326; Stowe, p. 102.
  11. ^ Gerson, pp. 128–129.
  12. ^ Maurois, p. 498; Robb, p. 105.
  13. ^ Maurois, p. 499; Hunt, p. 375; Pugh, p. 423.
  14. ^ Oliver, pp. 157–158.
  15. ^ a b c Saintsbury, p. ix.
  16. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 80–81.
  17. ^ Saintsbury, p. xiii; Pugh, p. 423. Gerson gives La Presse as the newspaper in which La Cousine Bette appeared.
  18. ^ Saintsbury, p. xiii.
  19. ^ Balzac, p. 67. Original French is at French Wikisource. The illustrations in this article were included by various publishers and not part of the original novel.
  20. ^ Balzac, p. 149. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  21. ^ Balzac, p. 445. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  22. ^ Balzac, p. 438. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  23. ^ Balzac, p. 444. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  24. ^ Pugh, p. 426.
  25. ^ Hunt, p. 378; Stowe, p. 104; Pugh, pp. 423–426. Pugh notes that Balzac planned a full retelling of how Marshal Hulot earned the Forzheim title for a story in the Scènes de la vie militaire section of La Comédie humaine.
  26. ^ Pugh, pp. 425–426. Balzac reportedly called for Bianchon on his deathbed. For more information about characters, see Bellos, Bette, pp. 87–92.
  27. ^ Rogers, 182; Bellos makes a similar point in Criticism on p. 21.
  28. ^ Quoted in Robb, p. 254; see generally Pugh.
  29. ^ Pugh, p. 424.
  30. ^ Gerson, p. 337.
  31. ^ Balzac, p. 31. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  32. ^ Balzac, p. 38. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  33. ^ Balzac, p. 64. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  34. ^ a b Balzac, pp. 103–104. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  35. ^ Affron, p. 69.
  36. ^ Prendergrast, p. 328. He notes that the French critic André Lorant insisted that Bette's desire for vengeance was based on imaginary insults from her family.
  37. ^ Jameson, p. 248; Saintsbury, p. xi.
  38. ^ Balzac, p. 111. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  39. ^ McGuire, p. 174; Hunt, p. 380.
  40. ^ Oliver, p. 22.
  41. ^ Hunt, p. 380; Floyd, p. 36; Jameson, p. 247.
  42. ^ Floyd, pp. 245–247; Hunt, p. 380.
  43. ^ Hunt, p. 380; Floyd, pp. 91–92.
  44. ^ Gilroy, p. 110; McGuire, pp. 173–179
  45. ^ Jameson, p. 247. Original emphasis.
  46. ^ Balzac, p. 159. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  47. ^ Balzac, p. 186.
  48. ^ Saintsbury, p. x.
  49. ^ Balzac, p. 230. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  50. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 79–80.
  51. ^ Oliver, p. 193.
  52. ^ Quoted in Prendergast, p. 324.
  53. ^ Affron, p. 72; Jameson, p. 249; Hunt, p. 381.
  54. ^ Prendergast, p. 321.
  55. ^ Prendergast, p. 323.
  56. ^ Hunt, p. 386.
  57. ^ Bellos, Bette, p. 67. Stowe makes a similar point on p. 106.
  58. ^ Maurois, p. 499.
  59. ^ Hunt, pp. 381–382; Maurois, pp. 498–499.
  60. ^ Balzac, p. 62. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  61. ^ a b Prendergast, p. 331.
  62. ^ Balzac, p. 67. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  63. ^ Oliver, p. 194; Saintsbury, p. xii. Oliver points out on p. 158 that Balzac had himself been something of "a poor relation of the Hanska family".
  64. ^ Gilroy, p. 111.
  65. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 9–17.
  66. ^ Besser, pp. 59 and 102.
  67. ^ Stowe, p. 102.
  68. ^ Bellos, Bette, p. 7.
  69. ^ Pritchett, p. 240.
  70. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 63–64.
  71. ^ Stowe, p. 117.
  72. ^ Quoted in Bellos, Criticism, p. 101.
  73. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 18–19 and 83. In the 1860s the construction of the Boulevard Saint-Germain eliminated the aristocratic nature of the Faubourg.
  74. ^ Balzac, p. 53. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  75. ^ Balzac, p. 57. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  76. ^ Madden, p. 12.
  77. ^ Balzac, p. 421. Original French is at French Wikisource. The appalling "les ongles déchaussés restent dans les plaies qu'elle gratte" ("the detached fingernails remain in the wounds she scratches") has been softened to "her nails are loose". See Affron, p. 71.
  78. ^ Quoted in Bellos, Criticism, pp. 126–127.
  79. ^ Bellos, Criticism, pp. 126–127.
  80. ^ Hunt, p. 379.
  81. ^ Stowe, p. 103.
  82. ^ Bertault, p. 161; Stowe, p. 106; Affron, p. 69; Jameson, pp. 247 and 249.
  83. ^ Balzac, p. 97. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  84. ^ a b Balzac, p. 231. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  85. ^ Affron, p. 68.
  86. ^ Bellos, Bette, p. 71; Affron, p. 69.
  87. ^ Prendergast, pp. 318–319.
  88. ^ Prendergast, pp. 330–331.
  89. ^ Hunt, p. 385.
  90. ^ Bellos, Bette, p. 66.
  91. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 67–68.
  92. ^ Gilroy, p. 109.
  93. ^ McGuire, p. 182.
  94. ^ Bellos, Bette, pp. 70–71.
  95. ^ Gilroy, pp. 102–103 and 114.
  96. ^ See Faderman, Lillian. Surpassing the Love of Men: Romantic Friendship and Love Between Women from the Renaissance to the Present. New York: Morrow, 1981. ISBN 0-688-00396-6.
  97. ^ Balzac, p. 35. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  98. ^ Balzac, p. 71. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  99. ^ Gilroy, p. 112; Affron, p. 92; McGuire, pp. 176–177. McGuire adds: "This gender whirligig serves to inform the dynamics of the entire narrative ...".
  100. ^ Balzac, p. 99. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  101. ^ Balzac, p. 108. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  102. ^ Balzac, p. 159; Gilroy, p. 112; McGuire, pp. 177–179.
  103. ^ Balzac, p. 159. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  104. ^ McGuire, p. 178. He also highlights Valérie's affectionate use of the term "tigresse" when speaking to Bette.
  105. ^ Quoted in Maurois, p. 402.
  106. ^ Hunt, p. 376; Bellos, Bette, p. 69; Maurois, pp. 401–402.
  107. ^ Hunt, pp. 376–378; Mishra, pp. 186–188; Robb, p. 172.
  108. ^ Balzac, p. 304. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  109. ^ Balzac, p. 426. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  110. ^ Balzac, p. 425. Original French is at French Wikisource.
  111. ^ Chandler, Charlotte. The Girl Who Walked Home Alone: Bette Davis, A Personal Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. ISBN 978-0-7432-6208-8. p. 34.
  112. ^ Quoted in Maurois, p. 487. See also Gerson, p. 335.
  113. ^ Robb, p. 256.
  114. ^ Bellos, Criticism, pp. 20–22.
  115. ^ Erickson, Hal. "La Cousine Bette (1927): Synopsis". All Movie Guide. Online at MSN Movies. Retrieved on 13 April 2009.
  116. ^ Buchanan, Jason. "Cousin Bette (1971): Review Summary". All Movie Guide. Online at The New York Times. Retrieved on 13 April 2009.
  117. ^ Holden, Stephen. "Movie Review: Cousin Bette (1998)" The New York Times. 12 June 1998. Retrieved on 13 April 2009.
  118. ^ The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes lists a positive rating of only 50% on its "Tomatometer" for the 1998 film.
  119. ^ Antaeus Company

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