References to other films

  • Forty Guns, directed by Sam Fuller, had a POV shot through a barrel of a gun that cuts to a couple kissing.[26]
  • Pushover, directed by Richard Quine[26]
  • Where the Sidewalk Ends, directed by Otto Preminger[26]
  • Whirlpool, directed by Otto Preminger, is the film playing when Patricia attempts to lose the police officer that is following her.[26]
  • Bonjour tristesse, directed by Otto Preminger. Godard said that Patricia was a continuation of Seberg's character Cécile.[26]
  • The Maltese Falcon, directed by John Huston. Michel paraphrases a line of dialogue from the film about always falling in love with the wrong women.[26]
  • The Glass Key, a novel by Dashiell Hammett. A character criticizing Michel for wearing silk socks with a tweed jacket is a reference to the Hammett novel.[26]
  • Bob le flambeur, directed by Jean-Pierre Melville. Michel makes reference to the lead character Bob Montagné being in jail.[26]
  • The Harder They Fall, directed by Mark Robson, the lobby card of Humphrey Bogart that Michel imitates is from this film.[26]
  • The film is dedicated to Monogram Pictures, which Jonathan Rosenbaum called "a critical statement of aims and boundaries."[26]

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