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Blade Runner

by Ridley Scott

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Cultural influence

While not initially a success with North American audiences, the film was popular internationally and garnered a cult following.[103] The film's dark style and futuristic designs have served as a benchmark and its influence can be seen in many subsequent science fiction films, anime, video games, and television programs.[51] For example, Ronald D. Moore and David Eick, the producers of the re-imagining of Battlestar Galactica, have both cited Blade Runner as one of the major influences for the show.[104] Blade Runner continues to reflect modern trends and concerns, and an increasing number consider it one of the greatest science fiction films of all time.[105] It was voted the best science fiction film ever made in a poll of 60 eminent world scientists conducted in 2004.[106] Blade Runner is also cited as an important influence to both the style and story of the Ghost in the Shell film series, which itself has been highly influential to the future-noir genre.[107][108]

The film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry in 1993 and is frequently used in university courses.[109] In 2007 it was named the 2nd most visually influential film of all time by the Visual Effects Society.[110]

Blade Runner is one of the most musically sampled films of the 20th century.[111] The 2009 album, I, Human, by Singaporean band Deus Ex Machina makes numerous references to the genetic engineering and cloning themes from the film, and even features a track titled "Replicant".[112]

Blade Runner has influenced adventure games such as the 2012 graphical text adventure Cypher,[113] Rise of the Dragon,[114][115] Snatcher,[115][116] Beneath a Steel Sky,[117] Flashback: The Quest for Identity,[115] Bubblegum Crisis (and its original anime films),[118][119] the role-playing game Shadowrun,[115] the first-person shooter Perfect Dark,[120] and the Syndicate series of video games.[121][122] The film is also cited as a major influence on Warren Spector,[123] designer of the computer-game Deus Ex, which displays evidence of the film's influence in both its visual rendering and plot. The look of the film, darkness, neon lights and opacity of vision, is easier to render than complicated backdrops, making it a popular choice for game designers.[124][125]

Blade Runner has also been the subject of parody, such as the comics Blade Bummer by Crazy comics,[126] Bad Rubber by Steve Gallacci,[127] and the Red Dwarf 2009 three-part miniseries, "Back to Earth".[128][129]

Blade Runner curse

Among the folklore that has developed around the film over the years has been the belief that the film was a curse to the companies whose logos were displayed prominently as product placements in some scenes.[130] While they were market leaders at the time, Atari, Bell, Cuisinart and Pan Am experienced setbacks after the film's release. The Coca-Cola Company suffered losses during its failed introduction of New Coke in 1985, but soon afterwards regained its market share.[56]

Future Noir

Before the film's principal photography began, Cinefantastique magazine commissioned Paul M. Sammon to write an article about Blade Runner's production which became the book Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner (referred to as the "Blade Runner Bible" by many of the film's fans).[131] The book chronicles the evolution of Blade Runner as a film and focuses on film-set politics, especially the British director's experiences with his first American film crew; of which producer Alan Ladd, Jr. has said, "Harrison wouldn't speak to Ridley and Ridley wouldn't speak to Harrison. By the end of the shoot Ford was 'ready to kill Ridley', said one colleague. He really would have taken him on if he hadn't been talked out of it."[132] Future Noir has short cast biographies and quotations about their experiences in making Blade Runner, as well as many photographs of the film's production and preliminary sketches. The cast chapter was deleted from the first edition, though it is available online. A second edition of Future Noir was published in 2007.[133]

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