1. ^ a b Schapiro, Barbara (Summer 1991). "The Bonds of Love and the Boundaries of Self in Toni Morrison’s Beloved". Contemporary Literature (Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press) 32 (2): 194–210.
  2. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (April 1, 1988). "Toni Morrison's Novel 'Beloved' Wins the Pulitzer Prize in Fiction". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "National Book Awards - 1987". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  4. ^ The New York Times (May 21, 2006). "What Is the Best Work of American Fiction of the Last 25 Years?". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Angelo, Bonnie (May 22, 1987). "Toni Morrison: The Pain of Being Black". Time (subscription required) (Time Inc.). p. 4. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved November 20, 2012. Q. Beloved is dedicated to the 60 million who died as a result of slavery. A staggering number – is this proved historically? A. Some historians told me 200 million died. The smallest number I got from anybody was 60 million . . . A lot of people died. 
  6. ^ Demetrakopoulos, Stephanie A (Spring 1992). "Maternal Bonds as Devourers of Women’s Individuation in Toni Morrison’s Beloved". African American Review (Terre Haute, Indiana: Indiana State University) 25 (1): 51–59.
  7. ^ Koolish, Lynda (Winter 2001). "'To be Loved and Cry Shame': A Psychological Reading of Toni Morrison’s Beloved". MELUS (Storrs, Connecticut: MELUS, University of Connecticut) 26 (4): 169–195.
  8. ^ Fulton, Lara Mary (1997). "An unblinking gaze: Readerly response-ability and racial reconstructions in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye and Beloved" (M.A. thesis). Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University
  9. ^ Boudreau, Kristen (Autumn 1995). "Pain and the Unmaking of Self in Toni Morrison's Beloved". Contemporary Literature (Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press) 36 (3): 447–465. JSTOR 1208829.
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  11. ^ a b Giroux, Christopher; Brigham Narins (1995). "Beloved by Toni Morrison". Contemporary Literary Criticism 87: 261–311. 
  12. ^ Powell, Timothy; David Middleton (1997). "Toni Morrison: The Struggle to Depict the Black Figure on the White Page". Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism: 45–59. 
  13. ^ Mason, Theodore O., Jr. (1990). "The Novelist as Conservator: Stories and Comprehension in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon". pp. 171–188. 
  14. ^ Bowers, Susan (1997). "Beloved and the New Apocalypse". Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism: 209–230. 
  15. ^ Rushdy, Ashraf (1997). "'Rememory': Primal Scense and Constructions in Toni Morrison's Novels". Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism: 135–164. 
  16. ^ Matus, JIll (1998). "Toni Morrison". Manchester University Press
  17. ^ Snitow, Ann (1993). "Death Duties: Toni Morrison Looks Back in Sorrow". Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present: 26–32. 
  18. ^ Jennings, La Vinia Delois (2008). Toni Morrison and the Idea of Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  19. ^ Matus, Jill (1998). Toni Morrison. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 

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