Were the animals better or worse off once they were in control of the farm?
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At first, the animals seem to be living in the utopia Major had imagined for them. Now that they have their own ideology and own the means of production, they feel “rich and free,” just as Major predicted. They enjoy a temporary calm as well as a sense of invigoration after years of discontent, now assume Man’s position of control over themselves and nature. In doing organizational work, the pigs are working in accordance with their capacity. But at the same time, the pigs are fairly large and strong animals that could surely contribute to the farm’s manual labor force. They are slowly assuming Man’s competitive advantage and becoming “the only creature that consumes without producing.” Napoleon and the pigs eventually turn the farm into a living Hell. At least, under farmer Jones, there was camaraderie among animals and a sense of equality. Under Napoleon animals live on poverty and servitude under another animal.