how far do they contribute to the theme of the novel?
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Napoleon is more of a demanding, overpowering pig who always gets what he wants. He gets influenced easily and always puts himself first. He believes that he is Animal Farm's destined leader and praises himself for all the things that he has done for the animals.
Snowball, however, believes in the happiness of his citizens. He would always put the farm first and try to achieve everyone's needs. For example, before he was chased out, he drew diagrams of the windmill that would help the animals so they would work less. If Snowball was never chased out, the farm would be a better state than it is at the end of the book.
Napoleon is the example of the more dictatorial leader. He is more greedy for power and corrupt. He doesn't show much interest in the welfare of the animals. He is quiet yet intimidating. He uses his dogs to keep the animals in line and, therefore, leads by fear. He is not interested in any of Snowball's committees nor any other ideas that are committed to improving the welfare of the animals.
Snowball is not completely free of corruption but does seem to provide a better alternative to Napoleon's dishonest ways. For the most part, Snowball follows the tenets Old Major initially laid out for Animalism. He attempts to improve the animals' lives with his idea of the windmill. He also set up committees to help include the lesser animals in the community. Though he seems like the ideal leader for Animal Farm, Orwell's message that Power Corrupts and Absolute Power Corrupts Absolutely hints that regardless of who the leader of Animal Farm would be, the revolution was doomed to fail from the beginning.
What are the diffrences between Snowball and Napoleon in the novel Animal Farm
He was a long and short man with a body of bird hard!
Well first off they both wanted the rebellion to happen. They were both all for the rebellion. However, Napolean was not fair to all of the animals. He favored the pigs more than all of the other animals. Snowball treated all of the animals even. Also, both animals wanted to build the windmill but Napolean didn't want to admit it. Napolean wanted to be the leader but Snowball was more favored. This is why Napolean chased him out with dogs.