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From the text:
"Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours? Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of
it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that
our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty. No
animal in England knows the meaning of happiness or leisure after he is a year
old. No animal in England is free. The life of an animal is misery and slavery:
that is the plain truth.
But is this simply part of the order of nature? Is it because this land of ours is so poor that it cannot aord a decent life to those who dwell upon it? No, comrades, a thousand times no! The soil of England is fertile, its climate is good, it is capable of aording food in abundance to an enormously greater number of animals than now inhabit it. This single farm of ours would support a dozen horses, twenty cows, hundreds of sheep | and all of them living in a comfort and a dignity that are now almost beyond our imagining. Why then do we continue in this miserable condition? Because nearly the whole of the produce of our labour is stolen from us by human beings. There, comrades, is
the answer to all our problems. It is summed up in a single word | Man. Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause
of hunger and overwork is abolished for ever."
Old Major explains this at the end of his speech:
"Man serves the interests of no creature except himself. And among us animals let there be perfect unity, perfect comradeship in the struggle. All men are enemies. All animals are comrades.'