1 How many different kinds of pain are listed in this poem? 2 5 3 4 2 What kind of literary element is "fouled tunes" (line 4)? comparison metaphor simile allegory 3 What does "wretched" most likely mean in the context of line 6? lovely and beautiful promiscuous physically appealing foul, disgusting 4 What does Baraka mean by "without shadow, or voice, or meaning" when referring to the "hard flesh" that he touches in Stanza II? He is interracting with their flesh but has no contact with their souls They are monsters They are actually robots They are dead bodies 5 What traps the speaker of the poem? A factory that he cannot escape He is being held captive by a hoarde of men His own flesh, which is made into an object by society The confines of jail 6 What is the first kind of pain listed in this poem ("As now, as all his / flesh hurts me")? jumping into a vat of acid being touched with someone that has very rough hands the torture of being stuck inside your body that is not a part of who you actually are having a skin condition that makes skin-to-skin contact painful 7 What is the second kind of pain given in this poem ("As when she ran from me into / that forest")? pain of the unknown worry that she will be eaten by monsters in the forest pain of abandonment and loss of love not being able to run 8 What goes "higher than even old men thought / God would be" (Stanza V)? a helicopter the devil the mind a bird 9 Who turns out to be a "self, after all" (Stanza VI)? God the speaker the "lost soul" the devil 10 What kind of literary element is "whithered yellow flowers" in Stanza V? simile metonymy metaphor hyperbole 11 How is beauty practiced in Stanza V? through the separation between soul and body through poetry through pain through nature, like trees and a river 12 What does the speaker *actually* live inside? human love New York City his body his home 13 What can the speaker be recognized as? his height and weight his facial features words and emotion where he lives 14 What has no feeling in Stanza VIII? the body the soul words metal 15 What is left screaming by the end of the poem? the "lost soul" the speaker's lover everyone the soul that is trapped inside of its body 16 Based on textual evidence, who could be the "lost soul" the speaker refers to in Stanza V? white people Jack Kerouac Baraka's first wife, Hattie Jones the person the speaker abadoned in a past life 17 What kind of literary element is "blind" (Stanza V)? simile hyperbole metaphor onomatopoeia 18 What kind of literary device is used in "silver, spiraled, whirled" (Stanza V)? assonance alliteration onomatopoeia metonymy 19 What does "corrupt" most likely mean in the context of line 35? debased/depraved healthy complete together 20 What is the closest definition of "gale" in the context of Stanza VI? a courtyard a forest a windy place a type of bridge 21 What kind of associations come up with the actions of "the cold men in their gale" in Stanza VI? fear, death, destruction ritual, conformity, collectivity harmony, unity, peace religion, sacredness, awe 22 In other words, what do the speaker's enemies do to him in Stanza III? offer him the tools necessary to have a successful life carry him in a ritualistic procession as if preparing him for sacrifice kill him make him read lots of books and expand his mind 23 Why does the speaker call flesh "an abstraction" is Stanza III? someone's flesh is often obstructed by clothing his flesh has been cut up and deformed through torture any perception of the body is influenced by societal conventions bodies are very beautiful and often the skin looks like a work of art 24 What "glows as the day with its sun" (Stanza VII)? God the sky the gale that the cold men are living in flesh, symbolized by metal that is so hot it becomes white 25 Why might have Baraka chosen to repeat "the yes" the tmes in Stanzas V-VI? because it sounds cool to really emphasize what he is referring to it creates a repetition of rhythm and speeds up the meter towards the climax of the poem; also helps the poem sound more musical to bring up different kinds of "yes"