Alice in Wonderland

Poems and songs

Carroll wrote multiple poems and songs for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, including:

  • "All in the golden afternoon..."—the prefatory verse, an original poem by Carroll that recalls the rowing expedition on which he first told the story of Alice's adventures underground
  • "How Doth the Little Crocodile"—a parody of Isaac Watts' nursery rhyme, "Against Idleness and Mischief"
  • "The Mouse's Tale"—an example of concrete poetry
  • "You Are Old, Father William"—a parody of Robert Southey's "The Old Man's Comforts and How He Gained Them"
  • The Duchess's lullaby, "Speak roughly to your little boy..."—a parody of David Bates' "Speak Gently"
  • "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Bat"—a parody of Jane Taylor's "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star"
  • "The Lobster Quadrille"—a parody of Mary Botham Howitt's "The Spider and the Fly"
  • "'Tis the Voice of the Lobster"—a parody of Isaac Watts' "The Sluggard"
  • "Beautiful Soup"—a parody of James M. Sayles's "Star of the Evening, Beautiful Star"
  • "The Queen of Hearts"—an actual nursery rhyme
  • "They told me you had been to her..."—the White Rabbit's evidence

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