“Absalom and Achitophel” is a heroic satire written by John Dryden in 1681-1682. John Dryden is an English poet, playwright, translator, essayist and literature theorist. Along with Shakespeare and Milton he is considered as one of the most influential and greatest representative of English Literature of the 17th century.
"Heroic satires" Dryden called mock-heroic - a genre, detailed theory of which he developed into a “Discussion of Satire”. This is a fairly voluminous work. Thus, Absalom and Achitophel includes more than 1,000 poems. For all that, the poem is not finished, the second part was written by Nahum Tate, to Dryden there belong no more than a few poems.
They depict in an allegorical form the political struggle in England at that time. For example under the guise of the biblical legend of the rebellious son of King David is described the history of the struggle of the Whigs, led by Lord Sheftsberri against the so-called "Catholic conspiracy" in fact - against the inheritance of the throne of a Catholic. To these works in the heritage of Dryden is now being given the most attention and, it must be said, even critics acknowledge the great artistic and ideological value of these poems.