A Modest Proposal and Other Satires Glossary
Glossary of Terms
Anabaptistsradical Protestants who rejected infant baptism because they thought only an active believer should be baptized; they emphasized free will. They historically have been considered to emphasize justification by works in addition to faith, but critics argue that this idea was circulated falsely out of misunderstanding or in order to discredit them.
besoma broom made of twigs and a longer handle; a cleansing or sweeping-away force
commonplace-bookscollections of interesting facts learned by reading or conversation; in the absence of the Internet, these were especially popular in Early Modern times, as people would write down meaningful lines and know where to find them
coxcomba fop; a vain and foolish person
deplorablelamentable; worthy of harsh censure
dignitiesthe upper class of society
DissentersProtestants who separated themselves from the Church of England because they disliked the bishop structure and entanglement with government
emulationimitation, often out of admiration
expedienta solution or a means to an end
farrowto give birth
fricasseestewed dish often made with chicken
groata small-denomination British coin that has been discontinued
halfportha shortened form of “halfpennyworth,” a small amount of money
Jacobitesthose who wanted the monarchy, in the form of the Stuart line, to be reinstated in Britain, and rejected the Revolution Settlement of 1689
papistan offensive term for a Roman Catholic
paradox of the modernsthe Moderns, having returned to classical themes, are more ancient than the Ancients
periwigthe original word for wig; primarily an eighteenth-century fashion worn by both men and women, often powdered, and partly because people often shaved their heads to avoid lice
Privy CouncilIn England, a body responsible for declaring war and other administrative duties; in Ireland, a group primarily of bishops responsible for law-making. The Irish Privy Council had to first submit its proposals to the English Privy Council.
prodigiousmarvelously great; inducing wonder
ragoutthick, well-seasoned stew served as a main dish
rudimentsbasic principles or elements
scrupulouscareful, exacting, complying with strict morals
Scythiansan ancient eastern European and Asiatic Russian people, often nomadic, sometimes considered barbarians, who were often compared to the Irish for their supposed savagery
tenetbelief or principle; a component of a larger doctrine
Test Acta law passed in England in 1673 that required potential office holders to take communion with the Church of England, which would demonstrate Anglicanism
viceroya governor, in Ireland called the Lord-Lieutenant
Whigsa political party formed in 1679 whose members strongly supported the Resolution Settlement of 1689, believed in quelling domestic Catholic threats, and disapproved of monarchy
A Modest Proposal and Other Satires Essays and Related Content
- A Modest Proposal and Other Satires: Major Themes
- A Modest Proposal and Other Satires: Essays
- A Modest Proposal and Other Satires: Questions
- A Modest Proposal and Other Satires: Purchase the Novel and Related Material
- Jonathan Swift: Biography
- A Modest Proposal and Other Satires Summary
- About A Modest Proposal and Other Satires
- Character List
- Glossary of Terms
- Major Themes
- Quotes and Analysis
- Summary and Analysis of Front Matter to "A Tale of a Tub"
- Summary and Analysis of "A Tale of a Tub," Sections 1-10
- Summary and Analysis of "The Battle of the Books"
- Summary and Analysis of "An Argument Against the Abolition of Christianity"
- Summary and Analysis of "A Modest Proposal"
- Summary and Analysis of "A True and Faithful Narrative"
- Summary and Analysis of "A Meditation upon a Broomstick"
- Swift's "Muses"
- Related Links on A Modest Proposal and Other Satires
- Suggested Essay Questions
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 1
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 2
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 3
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 4
- Author of ClassicNote and Sources