1984

Notes

  1. ^ Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia, Fourth Edition (1996). HarperCollins:New York. p. 734.
  2. ^ a b Aaronovitch, David (8 February 2013). "1984: George Orwell's road to dystopia". BBC News Magazine (United Kingdom: The BBC). Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  3. ^ The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition, Columbia University Press: 1993, p. 2030.
  4. ^ "Nineteen Eighty-Four", pg 272.
  5. ^ a b The Oxford Companion to English Literature, Sixth Edition. University of Oxford Press: 2000. p. 726.
  6. ^ Grossman, Lev; Lacayo, Richard (6 October 2005). "ALL-TIME 100 Novels. 1984 (1949), by George Orwell". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  7. ^ "100 Best Novels". Modern Library. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  8. ^ "BBC – The Big Read". BBC. April 2003, Retrieved 19 October 2012
  9. ^ Letter to Roger Senhouse, 26 December 1948, reprinted in Collected Works:It Is What I Think, p.487
  10. ^ Bowker, Chapter 18. "thesis": pp. 368–9
  11. ^ Bowker, pp. 383, 399
  12. ^ "Charles' George Orwell Links". Netcharles.com. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  13. ^ John Rodden. The Politics of Literary Reputation: The Making and Claiming of "St. George" Orwell
  14. ^ CEJL, iv, no. 125.
  15. ^ Crick, Bernard. Introduction to Nineteen Eighty-Four (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984)
  16. ^ Nineteen Eighty-four, ISBN 978-0-14-118776-1; p. xxvii (Penguin)
  17. ^ Marcus, Laura; Nicholls, Peter (2005). The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century English Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 226. ISBN 0-521-82077-4. Brave New World [is] traditionally bracketed with Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four as a dystopia ... 
  18. ^ "Full List — All Time 100 Novels". Time. 16 October 2005. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  19. ^ "Freedom and Happiness" (a review of We by Yevgeny Zamyatin) by Orwell, Tribune, 4 January 1946.
  20. ^ "1984 thoughtcrime? Does it matter that George Orwell pinched the plot?", Paul Owen, The Guardian, 8 June 2009.
  21. ^ Canadian protection covers the author's life and 50 years from the end of the calendar year of his or her death.
  22. ^ South African copyright law protects literary works for the author's life plus fifty years; see the Copyright Act, No. 98 of 1978, as amended.
  23. ^ "1984, de Orwell, 60 años después – 25.07.2009 – lanacion.com". Lanacion.com.ar. 25 July 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  24. ^ Australian law stipulates life plus 70 years, since 2005. The law is not retrospective and excludes works published in the lifetime of an author who died in 1956 or earlier
  25. ^ Omani law provides for a copyright duration of 70 years after the death of the author since 2008, prior to this the copyright duration was only 50 years after the death of the author, and as the new law explicitly provides that it does not apply to works already in the public domain, this work remains in the public domain.
  26. ^ Law No. 9.610 of February 19, 1998 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights. WIPO, 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  27. ^ Hirtle, Peter B. "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Retrieved 25 March 2010.  As a work published between 1923 and 1963, with renewed notice and copyright, it remains protected for 95 years from its publication date
  28. ^ Part I, Ch. 1.
  29. ^ Part I, Ch. 3.
  30. ^ "striking thirteen" (1:00 pm). In Nineteen Eighty-Four, the 24-hour clock is modern, the 12-hour clock is old-fashioned, Part I, Ch. 8.
  31. ^ a b Part II, Ch. 9
  32. ^ Reed, Kit (1985). "Barron's Booknotes-1984 by George Orwell". Barron's Educational Series. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  33. ^ "1984". Part 2, Chapter 9
  34. ^ Lines 29-35, page 229, Chapter X, Part II of the Penguin paperback edition of 1984: "The proles were immortal, you could not doubt it when you looked at that valiant figure in the yard. In the end their awakening would come. And until that happened, though it might be a thousand years, they would stay alive against all the odds, like birds, passing on from body to body the vitality which the Party did not share and could not kill."
  35. ^ "George Orwell: "Notes on Nationalism"". Resort.com. May 1945. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  36. ^ Margaret Atwood: "Orwell and me". The Guardian 16 June 2003
  37. ^ Benstead, James (26 June 2005). "Hope Begins in the Dark: Re-reading Nineteen Eighty-Four".
  38. ^ Andrew Milner: Locating Science Fiction. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012, pp. 120-135.
  39. ^ Thomas Pynchon: Foreword to the Centennial Edition to Nineteen eighty-four, pp. vii–xxvi. New York: Plume, 2003. In shortened form published also as The Road to 1984 in The Guardian (Analysis)
  40. ^ Tzouliadis, Tim (2008). The Forsaken: An American Tragedy in Stalin's Russia. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-1-59420-168-4. 
  41. ^ Vertov, Dziga (1985). Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-05630-5. 
  42. ^ Senyonovna, Eugenia (1967). Journey into the Whirlwind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. 
  43. ^ a b Fitzpatrick, Sheila (1999). Everyday Stalinism. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505001-0. 
  44. ^ "Twentieth-century Spanish American Literature to 1960". 
  45. ^ "Go No More a-Rushing (Riddle Song)". Sniff.numachi.com. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  46. ^ "Thank You, Comrade Stalin!: Soviet Public Culture from Revolution to Cold War". 
  47. ^ "The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union". 
  48. ^ "Newseum: The Commissar Vanishes". Retrieved 19 July 2008. 
  49. ^ King, David (1997). The Commissar Vanishes: The Falsification of Photographs and Art in Stalin's Russia. Metropolitan / Holt. ISBN 0-8050-5294-1. 
  50. ^ Schacter, Daniel L.; Scarry, Elaine, eds. (2001). Memory, Brain, and Belief (Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-00719-2. 
  51. ^ Stalin, Joseph (1944). On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. Moscow: Foreign Languages Press. 
  52. ^ "Order of the Day, No. 130, May 1st, 1942". Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  53. ^ Stalin, Joseph (1970). On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union. FOREIGN LANGUAGE PRESS — PEKING. 
  54. ^ "London Letter to Partisan Review, December 1944, quoted from vol. 3 of the Penguin edition of the Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters.
  55. ^ "George Orwell: Why I Write". Resort.com. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  56. ^ Shelden, Michael (1991). Orwell – The Authorized Biography. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-092161-7. ; pp 430–434
  57. ^ John A. Hobson, 1920: Dips into the Near Future
  58. ^ George Orwell, "Review", Tribune, 4 January 1946. paraphrasing Rayner Heppenstall, he reportedly said "that he was taking it as the model for his next novel". Bowker, p. 340.
  59. ^ "The real room 101". BBC. Archived from the original on 5 January 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2006.  Meyers (2000), p. 214.
  60. ^ Orwell, Sonia and Angus, Ian (eds). The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, Volume 2: "My Country Right or Left" (1940–43; Penguin)
  61. ^ Orwell, George (2000). Orwell, Sonia; Angus, Ian, eds. George Orwell: the Collected Essays, Journalism & Letters (1st Nonpareil ed.). Boston: Nonpareil Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-56792-134-2. The third was to develop a positive imperial policy, and aim at transforming the Empire into a federation of Socialist states, like a looser and freer version of the Union of Soviet Republics. 
  62. ^ Irving Howe, Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four : Text, Sources, Criticism. New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982. ISBN 0-15-565811-5 (pp. 290–3).
  63. ^ a b c "First Bites: Nineteen Eighty-Four. Nigel Fountain, The Guardian, June 14, 1994.
  64. ^ Keyes, Ralph (2009). I Love It When You Talk Retro. St Martins. p. 222. 
  65. ^ "Muse Discuss The Resistance, Their 'Very Personal' New Album". MTV. Retrieved 19 October 2012
  66. ^ "Justice Breyer warns of Orwellian government". The Hill. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  67. ^ "Resistance and Power". Stanford University. 2 November 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  68. ^ Adams, A. A. (1 September 2006). "From 1984 to V for Vendetta via Minority Report" (PDF). University of Edinburgh School of Law. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  69. ^ Mulkern, Patrick (18 September 2011). "Doctor Who: The God Complex". Radio Times. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  70. ^ '1984' sales skyrocket in wake of US spy scandal, AFP, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  71. ^ Sales of Orwell's '1984' Increase as Details of NSA Scandal Emerge, ABC News, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  72. ^ George Orwell's '1984' Book Sales Skyrocket In Wake Of NSA Surveillance Scandal, Huffington Post, 11 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  73. ^ Savage, Robert (1989). The Orwell Moment. London: University Arkansas Press. 
  74. ^ Gleason,"On nineteen Eighty Four"
  75. ^ "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest 41 (2): 32–41. Spring 2015. 

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