1984

Examine the party's three slogans: "War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength." What do you think they mean?

1948 by george orwell

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THese are all paradoxical slogans. There is a lot to this but here is a simple explanation,

War is Peace- While the country is fighting, people within the country are on the same side hence the Party enjoys uncontested power. Nobody questions their government while at war...It's that sort of thing.

Ignorance is strength- If people remain ignorant, they will not question the Party hence making the country "stronger".

Freedom is slavery- If people are free to do things and express ideas contrary to party doctrine, everybody is made weak. They are slaves to their own ideas and not strong under one idea from the Party.

These are all paradoxical slogans. There is a lot to this but here is a simple explanation,

War is Peace- While the country is fighting, people within the country are on the same side hence the Party enjoys uncontested power. Nobody questions their government while at war...It's that sort of thing.

Ignorance is strength- If people remain ignorant, they will not question the Party hence making the country "stronger".

Freedom is slavery- If people are free to do things and express ideas contrary to party doctrine, everybody is made weak. They are slaves to their own ideas and not strong under one idea from the Party.

War is Peace. In their society, keeping the masses believing that constant war is being waged is actually a way of maintaining peace. War elicits great patriotism and devotion to country; it also promotes sacrifice and giving to the community over oneself. So, if there is constant war, the people are constantly giving, sacrificing, and pledging devotion to their government. This keeps the people in check and in control, and hence, peaceful. That is how the Party uses that slogan. The people think it just means that world peace is maintained through war. Without war, their security would be threatened.

Freedom is slavery is more tricky. The people probably believe that to mean that having total freedom is actually a way to become enslaved to your senses, weaknesses and vices. For example, the Party encourages young women to remain virtuous and restrict themselves from being romantically involved or sentimental in any way. The society has firm beliefs about sex and relationships--there is very little freedom there, because they feel that sex and relationships enslave people. If you are constantly embroiled in relationships, you are subject to the turmoil and unhappiness that they sometimes cause, and are constantly thinking about it. That is not freedom, according to them. So, to the people and the masses, they have been taught that freedom to act, and sometimes act poorly, actually tends to enslave one to sentimental and unessential vices and emotions. To the Party, a free people represents the removal of their power. So, the people must not be free in order to remain in power.

To the masses, being ignorant about the true condition of things is actually beneficial, because it helps them to remain happy and optimistic, and thus strong. To the workers within the Party, like Winston, their entire jobs rely on keeping the people ignorant of true facts and statistics. Essentially, lie to keep the people in the dark, and then the Party--and their jobs--will always be strong. The people's ignorance gives the Party strength; if they really knew the true state of things and how they had been manipulated, they would rebel, and take away the Party's power.

In the end, it all comes down to the Party creating slogans that ensure the continuation of their power and contro

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