chapter9 part 2
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This can be answered in one word: POWER. Maybe another will work too: CONTROL.
It seems as if the three states have similar goals in controlling their people and the need for government is derived from the need to be kept safe from the other peoples. Although stated purposes might be using up the supplies produced by the peoples, the truth is this constancy of war gives people a nationalism and a need for those that lead them. The fact that the people don't understand WHY they are at war doesn't matter, what matters is their allegiance.
The three superstates must have chosen this path because history, true history, not the created one they alter daily, has demonstrated that governments ultimately get soft and lose power. Oceania obviously didn't want this to happen.
The purpose of the war between the three superstates is to use the surplus of goods manufactured in the factories that run the superstates AND to create a firmer grip over the people. The War serves to unite all of the superstate's citizens in their hatred a common enemy, which makes it much easier for the Party or ruling government to control their lives